Gross domestic expenditure on R&D relative to the GDP. 2015M 

           2013           2014           2015
Catalonia   1.53   1.491.52
Spain   1.27   1.241.22
Eurozone   2.10   2.132.13
European Union   2.02   2.032.03
Units: % of the GDP (base 2010).

Source Catalonia: Idescat. Source Spain, eurozone and European Union: Eurostat.


- Target EU-28 (3%); target Spain (2%)

- The data for the last four years are provisional.

Date published:

Last period (2015): July 26, 2017.

Revised series to date: December 13, 2017.

Further information at:

 Europe Indicators 2020. Eurostat.

Other related indicators T=Table

Chapter Research ˇ Technology
 Gross domestic expenditure on R&D relative to the GDP Europa 2020 T
 R&D expenditure. By sectors performance T
 R&D researchers. By sex T
 Households with access to Internet T
 Internet. Regular users. By sex T
 Individuals who have purchased by Internet T
 Enterprises have sold via e-commerce T
 Electronic administration. Use T

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