In the 2015-2016 academic year, there were 1,205,764 student who lived and studied in Catalonia and were registered in non-university education, according to the Statistics on Commuting for Study Reasons (school age). 84.0% of these students (1,013,202) studied in the same municipality where they lived. This proportion increased to 92.1% in the case of the 2nd cycle early childhood education (209,828) and reached 88.2% for compulsory schooling (683,809 students of primary and secondary education). On the other hand, in the case of students in post-compulsory schooling (119,565), those who studied and lived in the same municipality represented 58.9% of the total.
With regard to compulsory schooling, students' commuting varied little among the territorial areas of Catalonia. All areas recorded proportions higher than 80% for students who were living and studying in the same municipality, excepting L'Alt Pirineu i Aran (77.6%).
As for post-compulsory schooling, greater differences were noted among the territorial areas. There are three areas where more than half the students in either type of schooling studied in the same municipality where they lived: the Metropolitan Area (63.9%), El Camp de Tarragona (58.1%) and the Ponent area (55.2%), whereas the lowest proportions were found in El Penedès (45.2%) and the Central Counties (45.6%).
By municipality, Barcelona, Lleida, Mataró, La Seu d'Urgell, Amposta, Tortosa and Valls are the municipalities with the highest proportion of students who studied and lived in the same municipality (higher than 95%, more than 11 percentage points above the Catalan mean). For a detailed analysis of student mobility in all municipalities of Catalonia see Extended Intermunicipal and Inter-county results.
In the 2015-2016 academic year, 88.1% of the 3,010 students who lived outside Catalonia were students enrolled in vocational training. By county, over 80% studied in El Segrià (1,294) or El Barcelonès (1,133). To a lesser extent, yet still greater than the remaining counties, both El Baix Ebre and El Montsià registered students from outside Catalonia, with 171 and 155 students respectively.
The Statistics on the obligatory mobility for study reasons of non-university students analyse the journeys made by students between the place of residence and the place of study, on the basis of enrolments registered by the Ministry of Education. The treatment of the administrative records of student enrolments enabled Idescat to produce a new annual statistical series on journeys for study reasons, which starts with the academic year 2011-2012. The data presented refers to students enrolled in Catalonia, whether they reside there or not.
The Statistics on the obligatory mobility for study reasons of non-university students are published by place of residence, place of study, sex, and age group and level of education. The territorial disaggregation is by municipalities, counties, areas of the Territorial Plan, provinces and Catalonia.