Unemployment fell in Catalonia by 110,200 people in the 4th quarter of 2016 with respect to the previous year (−16.5%), standing at 558,500 unemployed persons, with an unemployment rate of 14.85%, according to the Active Population Survey. By sex, there was no difference between men and women in the year-over-year evolution (−16.5% and −16.4%, respectively). As for age, there also were no significant differences in the groups analysed (−16.8% in the 16 to 24 group; −16.6% for 25 to 54; −15.6% for 55 and above).
The number of employed persons rose by 100,800 individuals, 3.2% higher than the same period in 2015, totalling 3,202,600 people. By sector, if we compare employment by the year-over-year rates, the increase in the number of employed persons was concentrated in services (100,100 in absolute terms and 4.4% in relative terms); also rising were construction (4.2%) and agriculture (3.1%), while industry decreased (−1.4%). By sex, it is worth noting the increase seen in the employment of women (4.4%), outpacing that of men (2.3%). As for age groups, the greatest increase in employment from the previous year occurred in young people from 16 to 24 (11.8%); the only age group that fell in the year-over-year employment rate was the 25 to 34 group (−2.7%). Among the employees population, the increase in temporary contracts (12.1%) was much higher than permanent contracts (2.1%).
The number of households with all its active members unemployed in the 4th quarter totalled 171,200, 46,100 fewer households than the same period the previous year. Households with all their active members employed rose by 72,700.
As for specific sectors of culture and tourism, the population working in the cultural industry increased by 12.4% in the year-over-year, totalling 161,200 people, representing 5.0% of the total employment rate. By sex, the cultural sector employed 97,000 men and 64,200 women. The cultural industry in Spain provides jobs to a total of 721,300 persons (1.5% higher than the same period in 2015), representing 3.9% of the total working population.
In the tourism industry, the number of employed persons rose by 6.6% with respect to the fourth quarter of 2015, totalling 402,700 people (12.6% of the entire working population). By sex, the tourism sector employed 227,800 men and 174,900 women. The tourism industry in Spain provides jobs to a total of 2,411,500 persons (2.3% higher than the previous year), representing 13.0% of the total working population.
The statistical source of this data is the Active population survey (EPA in its Catalan acronym). EPA is a continuous sampling survey carried out in all of Spain by the INE on a quarterly basis, the main purpose of which is to study the relationship with the economic activity of the population. Idescat completes the quarterly results of the EPA for the area of Catalonia.