Unemployment falls in Catalonia by 83,300 people in the first quarter of 2017 compared to the previous year (-12.6%) standing at 576,700 unemployed persons, with an unemployment rate of 15.28%, according to the Active Population Survey. By sex, the year-over-year decline in unemployment for men is 1.4 points higher than that of women (-13.3% and -11.9, respectively). By ages, stands the decrease in 55 years and over (-19.3%), followed by 25 to 54 years (-11.9%) and young people aged 16 to 24 years (-9.1%).
The number of households with all its active members unemployed in the 1st quarter of 2017 decreased by 36,500 with respect to the same period of the previous year, and stands at 182,300 households.
The number of employed people rose by 70,400 individuals, 2.3% higher than the same period of the previous year, totalling 3,197,900 people. By sector, if we compare employment by the year-over-year rates, the highest relative increase in employed people corresponds to the construction sector (14.4%), while in absolute terms the increase in the services sector of 62,500 people (2.7% in relative terms) is particularly noteworthy. The only sector that has decreased is that of industry (21,000 people less, −3.6%). By sex, it is worth noting the increase in the employment of women (3.0%), outpacing that of men (1.6%). As for age groups, the greatest increase in employment from the previous year occurred in young people from 16 to 24 (16.6%); followed by the 45 to 54 age bracket (5.3%). Among the employees population, the increase in temporary contracts (9.1%) was much higher than permanent contracts (1.6%).
With regard to specific sectors, for the first time, Idescat is publishing data relevant to the population employed in the ICT sector (which is added to the information usually published on the tourism and culture sectors), with data from the first quarter of 2008.
In the tourism sector, the number of employed people rose by 5.5% with respect to the first quarter of 2016, totalling 411,700 people (12.9% of the entire working population). By sex, the tourism sector employs 234,500 men and 177,200 women. The tourism sector in Spain provides jobs to a total of 2,411,500 people (2.3% higher than the previous year), representing 13.0% of the total working population.
The population working in the cultural sector increased by 16.3% in the year-over-year, totalling 164,600 people, representing 5.1% of the total employment rate. By sex, the cultural sector employed 101,800 men and 62,900 women. The cultural sector in Spain provides jobs to a total of 721,300 people (1.5% higher than the same period in 2016), representing 3.9% of the total working population.
The ICT sector employed 102,100 people in the first quarter of 2017 (26.5% more than one year ago), representing 3.2% of the total employment rate.
The statistical source of this data is the Active population survey (EPA in its Catalan acronym). EPA is a continuous sampling survey carried out in all of Spain by the INE on a quarterly basis, the main purpose of which is to study the relationship with the economic activity of the population. Idescat completes the quarterly results of the EPA for the area of Catalonia.