The relative indicator of the risk of poverty (which measures the proportion of people with low incomes in relation to the population as a whole) totalled 19.2% in 2016. The rate was similar to that of 2015, but this stability did not translate to all age groups, as the rate of the risk of poverty for the under 16s improved by 3.9 percentage points, while that of the over 65s worsened by 2.9 points.
The 2016 Survey on Living Conditions introduced new questions and gained reliability, thanks to the extension of the sample which Idescat carried out in Catalonia, in collaboration with the INE and with the support of the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Families.
One new feature was, that of the questions introduced, it is clear that 6.5% of Catalan households had to ask for help from relatives, friends or private or religious organisations to obtain food, clothing or other basic goods in 2016. Moreover, 1.4% of Catalan households declare that they were, for economic reasons and at least on one occasion, deprived of a necessary energy source needed to carry out their daily activities.
The risk of poverty threshold grew 4% compared to the previous year, and stood at 10,054 euros in the case of single member households and 21,114 in households with two adults and two children.
The risk of poverty by age group was higher among under 16s, standing at 24.0%, although it dropped 3.9 points compared to 2015. The risk of poverty rate for people aged 16 to 64 was 19.0%, while that of over 65s was 15.0%.
In 2016, 22.5% of the Catalan population was at risk of poverty or social exclusion (AROPE), compared with 23.5% in 2015. The decrease in this indicator must be attributed to the decrease in the two non-monetary components: the situations of severe material deprivation of the households surveyed, and the household work intensity, as the risk of poverty remained practically steady (0.2 percentual points).
The Survey on Living Conditions measures the occurrence and composition of poverty by establishing a poverty risk threshold. In addition, it provides information on the personal income distribution based on annual net income. Furthermore, it contains data on what hardships households experience, as well as housing conditions and a harmonised indicator of the risk of poverty or social exclusion. The results of these statistics are produced annually for Catalonia as a whole. Idescat presents the extended results of the 2016 Survey on Living Conditions, carried out in conjunction with the INE and with the support of the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Families.