Unemployment fell in Catalonia by 79,200 people in the fourth quarter of 2017 compared to the previous year (−14.2%) standing at 479,200 unemployed people, with an unemployment rate of 12.63% (2.22 point less than previuos year) according to the Active Population Survey. By sex, the year-over-year decline in unemployment for women is higher than that of men (−14.4% and −14.0%, respectively). By ages, stands the decrease in 25 to 54 years (−19.3%).
The number of households with all its active members unemployed in the fourth quarter of 2017 decreased by 27,300 (−16.0%) with respect to the same period of the previous year, and stands at 143,800 households.
The number of employed people rose by 113,600 individuals, totalling 3,316,200 people, 3.5% higher than the same period of the previous year. By sector, if we compare employment by the year-over-year rates, the highest absolute increase in employed people corresponds to the services sector (45,100; 1.9%), followed closely by industry sector (41,600 people; 7.2%), while in relative terms the increase in the construction sector (14.2%; 26,400 people) is particularly noteworthy. By sex, the increase in the employment of women (3.8%) surpassed that of men (3.4%). As for age groups, the greatest increase in employment from the previous year occurred in young people from 16 to 24 (14.4%); followed by population from 55 and more (5.1%). Among the employees population, the increase in permanent contracts (4.4%) was much higher than temporary contracts (2.9%).
With regard to specific sectors, the population working in the cultural sector increased by 8.4% in the year-over-year, totalling 174,600 people, representing 5.3% of the total employment rate. By sex, the cultural sector employed 105,300 men and 69,300 women.
In the tourism sector, the number of employed people rose by 13.9% with respect to the fourth quarter of 2016, totalling 458,500 people (13.8% of the entire working population). By sex, the tourism sector employs 257,900 men and 200,600 women.
The ICT sector employed 115,600 people in the fourth quarter of 2017 (10.7% more than one year ago), representing 3.5% of the total employment rate.
The statistical source of this data is the Active population survey (EPA in its Catalan acronym). EPA is a continuous sampling survey carried out in all of Spain by the INE on a quarterly basis, the main purpose of which is to study the relationship with the economic activity of the population. Idescat completes the quarterly results of the EPA for the area of Catalonia.