Gross domestic expenditures on R&D. By sectors performance M

Gross domestic expenditures on R&D. 2012-2016 By sectors performance
2012 2013 2014 2015 2016
Expenditure on R&D (M€) 2,991.0 2,960.6 2,937.7 3,106.8 3,103.4
Public Administration 614.3 596.6 591.3 605.0 599.3
Higher education 694.6 681.3 666.3 714.9 709.0
Businesses and PNP (1) 1,682.1 1,682.7 1,680.1 1,786.8 1,795.1
Expenditure over GDP (%) 1.53 1.53 1.49 1.52 1.46
Public Administration 0.31 0.31 0.30 0.30 0.28
Higher education 0.36 0.35 0.34 0.35 0.33
Businesses and PNP (1) 0.86 0.87 0.85 0.88 0.85
Source: Idescat, based on data from the INE's Statistics on R&D activities.
(1) Private non-profit sector.
Note: The data for the last four years are provisional.

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