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Technological Innovation. Expenditures. By innovative activity

Technological Innovation. Expenditures. 2014-2018 By innovative activity
2014 2015 2016 2017 2018
Expenditure in technological innovation in Catalonia 3,118,847 3,324,467 3,367,177 3,766,425 4,958,187
Expenditure per innovative activity (%)
Internal R&D 53.0 51.2 50.3 48.8 :
External R&D 24.0 24.2 22.5 20.3 :
Machinery and equipment 11.7 13.0 16.7 19.0 :
Programs and others 2.7 2.7 2.4 3.1 :
Training, marketing and design 8.4 9.0 8.2 8.8 :
Innovation intensity (%) (1)
Total companies 1.10 1.00 0.98 1.11 1.44
Companies with innovative activities in the reference year 2.30 2.20 2.12 2.11 2.92
Companies with internal R&D activities in the reference year 2.60 2.50 2.36 2.57 3.37
Units: Thousands of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the INE's Survey of innovation in companies.
Notes:
- Innovation intensity: Expenditure in innovative activities / turnover (*100)
- In 2018 a methodological change was made due to the application of the new revision of the Oslo Manual (2018). The concepts in the table have been obtained by approximation from the new methodology and, therefore, there has been a break in time series with the results of previous years.
(1) Companies with head offices in Catalonia.
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