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Main results. By activity groups

Commercial sector. Main results. By activity groups CCAE-2009 2019
Sale and repair of motor vehicles Wholesale trade and intermediaries Retail trade Catalonia
Companies (number) 11,421 43,803 72,031 127,255
Establishments (number) 13,129 48,324 88,937 150,390
Employed persons (number) 51,920 235,497 306,222 593,639
Operating income 20,071,573 102,214,552 43,420,342 165,706,467
Turnover 19,457,396 100,695,634 42,551,008 162,704,038
Work done for the asset 4,470 23,399 29,211 57,080
Operating subsidies 6,034 51,230 13,367 70,631
Other operating income 603,672 1,444,288 826,755 2,874,715
Invent. var. prim. mat., supplies and merchandise 272,263 179,664 105,001 556,928
Inventory variation in products finished and in progress 23,163 114,970 26,781 164,914
Operating expenses 19,704,281 98,911,235 41,682,522 160,298,038
Consumption of goods 14,489,031 73,404,105 29,399,316 117,292,452
Consumption of raw materials and other supplies 1,237,631 1,619,915 222,181 3,079,727
Work done by other companies 275,434 1,436,158 222,975 1,934,567
Personnel costs 1,621,683 9,605,475 5,803,262 17,030,420
Wages and salaries 1,269,036 7,606,701 4,539,684 13,415,421
Social burdens and other personnel costs 352,647 1,998,773 1,263,578 3,614,998
Expenditure on external services 1,552,397 11,485,562 5,118,785 18,156,744
Provision for amortizations 116,498 1,037,133 754,549 1,908,180
Other operating expenses 411,606 322,887 161,454 895,947
Gross investment in tangible assets 182,489 976,947 790,794 1,950,230
Gross investment in intangible assets 7,953 195,401 130,647 334,001
Result of the financial year 297,050 4,732,776 1,767,788 6,797,614
Units: Thousands of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on the INE's Structural business statistics in the trade sector.

Methodological note

Definition of concepts

Consumption of goods
Number of purchases of goods (assets acquired by the company to be resold without subjecting them to a transformation process) made by the company during the reference year, less the changes in good inventories. The purchases are accounted for without including VAT and in net terms, in other words, by deducting discounts for immediate payment, sales returns and quantity discounts.
Personnel costs
Total amount of payments made by the company as wages and salaries, compensations, Social Security paid by the company and other social costs (long term retributions via contributory systems or defined allowances, retributions to personnel via patrimony instruments and other social expenses).
Operating expenses
TTotal amount obtained as a result of adding up the different expenses linked to the operations performed by the company: consumption and work performed by other companies, personnel expenses, external services and other operating expenses.
Expenditure on external services
Sum of all the different operating expenses incurred by the company during the reference year, including R&D expenses, leases and fees, repairs and maintenance, services of independent professionals, third-party transport, non-social insurance premiums, banking services and the like, advertising, publicity and public relations, supplies and other services.
The smallest combination of legal units constituting an organisational unit for the production of goods or services, one having certain autonomy in terms of decision-making, principally for allocating the resources it has at its disposal.
Operating revenue
Total amount obtained as a result of aggregating the different revenue associated to the operation.
Gross investment in intangible assets
Amount of expenditure (acquisitions or own production) on research and development activities, investment in IT applications and other intangible assets, such as concessions, patents, licences, trade funds, similar rights and others. These operations are accounted for by their total value without including VAT.
Gross investment in material assets
Amount of the increases in value produced for different types of asset, which originate from purchases of new or used assets from third parties, from the production of one's own assets or from work done by the company or third parties on already existing elements in order to increase production capacity, performance or useful life. This is the gross investment. Until 2007, the investment was calculated as a difference between real increases in the value of capital and the sales of said resources. Investment operations are accounted for as their total value. Purchases are valued at acquisition cost, without including deductible VAT but including transport, installation costs, registration and notary costs and other non deductible taxes. Work done by the company using its resources is valued at cost price. Does not include investments in property made to obtain income or capital gains.
Annual balance
Total amount of the profit or loss for the year as obtained as a consequence of the company's activity.
Changes in inventories of raw materials, other supplies and goods
Amount corresponding to the difference between the final inventories and initial inventories of raw materials, other supplies and goods. These inventories are valued at acquisition cost.
Changes in inventories in products finished and in progress
Amount corresponding to the difference between the final and initial inventories of the different products (finished, semi-finished and in progress, by-products, waste and recovered materials) manufactured by the company. These inventories are valued at production cost.
It includes the amounts invoiced by the company during the reference year for sales of goods and services corresponding to the company's ordinary activities. These sales are accounted for in net terms, in other words, by deducting sales discounts for immediate payment, sales returns, the value of returned packaging and quantity discounts. The taxes and duties on invoiced goods and services are included but the VAT transferred to the customer is excluded.

Methodological aspects

The main source of trade statistics is the Structural business statistics in the trade sector, called the Annual Trade Survey prior to the reference year 2014, conducted by the INE in accordance with European Union regulations, whereby the statistics for Catalonia are exploited by Idescat. General information is obtained on the evolution of commerce and three main groups or sections that it is made up of:

  • sale and repair of motor vehicles and motocycles
  • wholesale
  • retail

This breakdown presents the tables showing the main results for macromagnitudes and employed persons. In turn, these large groups are subdivided into branches that cover all specialities of commerce. For this smaller breakdown, tables showing macromagnitudes and employed persons are also presented.

Since 2008, the Annual commerce survey has been adapted to the new National classification of economic activities (CNAE-2009). This change involves a shift in the series that prevents inter-annual comparison between most sectors and some variables.

The correspondences between the sectors used and the Catalan classification of economic activities (CCAE-2009) is as follows:

CCAE-2009Groups of activities
45Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
46Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
47Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
49-53Transportation and storage
58-63Information and communication
68Real estate activities
69-75Professional, scientific and technical activities
77-82Administrative and support service activities
90-93Arts, entertainment and recreation
95,96Other services

Several methodological improvements were applied to the Structural Business Statistics in 2016. The results for 2016 are therefore not strictly comparable with those for previous years.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".