|Understand||Speak||Read||Write||Don't understand||Population aged 2 years and over|
|From 2 to 4 years||236,575||114,864||19,164||11,716||24,304||260,879|
|From 5 to 9 years||396,841||350,631||339,917||274,122||4,174||401,015|
|From 10 to 14 years||351,744||339,726||344,419||330,435||2,319||354,063|
|From 15 to 19 years||331,922||317,190||322,790||308,699||6,404||338,326|
|From 20 to 24 years||363,530||326,968||340,604||311,695||15,040||378,570|
|From 25 to 29 years||462,184||379,853||414,074||354,362||27,435||489,619|
|From 30 to 34 years||615,600||498,389||549,791||456,596||30,884||646,484|
|From 35 to 39 years||656,933||528,852||585,967||479,080||30,364||687,298|
|From 40 to 44 years||586,189||455,557||517,254||386,931||30,242||616,430|
|From 45 to 49 years||535,840||404,984||467,563||304,888||24,644||560,484|
|From 50 to 54 years||477,116||349,236||407,270||223,640||20,871||497,987|
|From 55 to 59 years||413,405||291,657||340,871||169,640||18,282||431,687|
|From 60 to 64 years||379,518||254,338||295,591||135,493||18,362||397,880|
|From 65 to 69 years||323,201||203,871||236,595||97,800||19,699||342,900|
|From 70 to 74 years||244,375||148,231||168,512||63,903||19,592||263,967|
|From 75 años and more||574,370||381,136||399,964||160,219||64,112||638,482|
|Source: Idescat. Population census 2011.|
Last update: February 20, 2014.Statistics CENSPH
Definition of concepts
- Knowledge of Catalan
- The data in these statistics correspond to the population of two years or more by knowledge of catalan. It is considered: A person «understands» Catalan if they are able to understand a conversation in Catalan on an everyday subject. A person «can read» Catalan if they are able to read everyday texts, such as announcements, newspapers, etc. A person «can speak» Catalan if they are able to maintain a conversation in Catalan on an everyday subject. A person «can write» Catalan if they are able to write notes, postcards, etc. sufficiently correctly, even if not totally correctly.
The information on knowledge of Catalan is taken from a treatment by Idescat of data from the Population and Housing Censuses produced by the INE.
Conducting censuses enables an extensive count of a territory's population and demographic, economic and social characteristics, which include those of a linguistic nature. Censuses provide us with data on the capacity to understand, speak, read and write Catalan. They also enable a systematic treatment of linguistic variables in relation with other census variables.
The census model used by the INE in producing for Spain the Population and Housing Censuses 2011 consists of an operation that combines use of administrative records with a sample-based survey and a count of buildings.
The availability of the Population Register as a consolidated population record has made it possible to produce a census of such a nature.
Therefore, the Population and Housing Censuses for 2011 are based on three core issues:
- Pre-census file: consists of a list of the resident inhabitants of the country including the variables for sex, age, place of birth and nationality. It is based on the maximum use of the available administrative registers, using the Register as the starting point of its structure.
- Survey: a sample-based survey to find out about the characteristics of people and housing. In Catalonia the effective sample was made up of 622,000 interviewees, representing 8.3% of the population. The data in the survey was obtained by various means: web, regular mail, a 900 telephone number and computer-assisted personal interviews. In Catalonia, the questionnaires were in Catalan and Spanish. In the case of the Val d'Aran, they were also in Occitan.
- Building Census: a field operation covering the territory. The objectives are to list and geo-reference all buildings that have some estate therein that is a dwelling, to determine the characteristics of the buildings via a building questionnaire and to list all estates contained in each building.
So, unlike previous censuses, in which the whole of the resident population had to answer the census questionnaire, the data for the Linguistic Census 2011 was obtained from a survey addressed at a broad sample of the population.
This new methodology means that the information cannot be offered in such territorial detail as in previous traditional censuses.
The results of the Linguistic Census 2011 are taken from the answers by people aged two years and over to the question "What knowledge do you have of the Catalan language?" in this survey. They do not include people aged under two years because for this group it is not possible to consider, in the strictest sense, that they are able to comprehend any language.
Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".
Available tables [+]
Demography · Society
Culture · Language
- Media, cinema and performing arts
- Cultural facilities
- Cultural practices
- Main aggregates of culture and leisure sector
- Knowledge of Catalan. By levels of knowledge. Counties and Aran, areas and provinces
- Knowledge of Catalan. By age groups and level of knowledge
- Knowledge of Catalan. By level of education and level of knowledge
- Language Uses of the Population. By knowledge of languages
- Language Uses of the Population. By linguistic identification and most frequent languages
- Language Uses of the Population. By linguistic identification with Catalan. Areas
- Language Uses of the Population. By most frequent languages and areas of use.
- Language Uses of the Population. Exclusive use of Catalan. By areas of use. Areas
- Justice · Public order and safety
- Quality of life
- Economic sectors
- Environment · Territory