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Knowledge of Catalan. By age groups and level of knowledge

Knowledge of Catalan. By age groups and level of knowledge Catalonia. 2011
Understand Speak Read Write Don't understand Population aged 2 years and over
From 2 to 4 years 236,575 114,864 19,164 11,716 24,304 260,879
From 5 to 9 years 396,841 350,631 339,917 274,122 4,174 401,015
From 10 to 14 years 351,744 339,726 344,419 330,435 2,319 354,063
From 15 to 19 years 331,922 317,190 322,790 308,699 6,404 338,326
From 20 to 24 years 363,530 326,968 340,604 311,695 15,040 378,570
From 25 to 29 years 462,184 379,853 414,074 354,362 27,435 489,619
From 30 to 34 years 615,600 498,389 549,791 456,596 30,884 646,484
From 35 to 39 years 656,933 528,852 585,967 479,080 30,364 687,298
From 40 to 44 years 586,189 455,557 517,254 386,931 30,242 616,430
From 45 to 49 years 535,840 404,984 467,563 304,888 24,644 560,484
From 50 to 54 years 477,116 349,236 407,270 223,640 20,871 497,987
From 55 to 59 years 413,405 291,657 340,871 169,640 18,282 431,687
From 60 to 64 years 379,518 254,338 295,591 135,493 18,362 397,880
From 65 to 69 years 323,201 203,871 236,595 97,800 19,699 342,900
From 70 to 74 years 244,375 148,231 168,512 63,903 19,592 263,967
From 75 años and more 574,370 381,136 399,964 160,219 64,112 638,482
Total 6,949,344 5,345,484 5,750,348 4,069,219 356,728 7,306,072
Source: Idescat. Population census 2011.

Last update: February 20, 2014.

Statistics CENSPH

Methodological note

Definition of concepts

Knowledge of Catalan
The data in these statistics correspond to the population of two years or more by knowledge of catalan. It is considered: A person «understands» Catalan if they are able to understand a conversation in Catalan on an everyday subject. A person «can read» Catalan if they are able to read everyday texts, such as announcements, newspapers, etc. A person «can speak» Catalan if they are able to maintain a conversation in Catalan on an everyday subject. A person «can write» Catalan if they are able to write notes, postcards, etc. sufficiently correctly, even if not totally correctly.

Methodological aspects

The information on knowledge of Catalan is taken from a treatment by Idescat of data from the Population and Housing Censuses produced by the INE.

Conducting censuses enables an extensive count of a territory's population and demographic, economic and social characteristics, which include those of a linguistic nature. Censuses provide us with data on the capacity to understand, speak, read and write Catalan. They also enable a systematic treatment of linguistic variables in relation with other census variables.

The census model used by the INE in producing for Spain the Population and Housing Censuses 2011 consists of an operation that combines use of administrative records with a sample-based survey and a count of buildings.

The availability of the Population Register as a consolidated population record has made it possible to produce a census of such a nature.

Therefore, the Population and Housing Censuses for 2011 are based on three core issues:

  • Pre-census file: consists of a list of the resident inhabitants of the country including the variables for sex, age, place of birth and nationality. It is based on the maximum use of the available administrative registers, using the Register as the starting point of its structure.
  • Survey: a sample-based survey to find out about the characteristics of people and housing. In Catalonia the effective sample was made up of 622,000 interviewees, representing 8.3% of the population. The data in the survey was obtained by various means: web, regular mail, a 900 telephone number and computer-assisted personal interviews. In Catalonia, the questionnaires were in Catalan and Spanish. In the case of the Val d'Aran, they were also in Occitan.
  • Building Census: a field operation covering the territory. The objectives are to list and geo-reference all buildings that have some estate therein that is a dwelling, to determine the characteristics of the buildings via a building questionnaire and to list all estates contained in each building.

So, unlike previous censuses, in which the whole of the resident population had to answer the census questionnaire, the data for the Linguistic Census 2011 was obtained from a survey addressed at a broad sample of the population.

This new methodology means that the information cannot be offered in such territorial detail as in previous traditional censuses.

The results of the Linguistic Census 2011 are taken from the answers by people aged two years and over to the question "What knowledge do you have of the Catalan language?" in this survey. They do not include people aged under two years because for this group it is not possible to consider, in the strictest sense, that they are able to comprehend any language.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".