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Main indicators. By activity groups

Industrial sector. Main indicators. By activity groups NACE-Rev.2 Catalonia. 2020
Extraction industries Manufacturing industries Prod. & distr. electric energy and gas Water supply, sanitation waste manag't Total
Productivity (euros) 43,202 61,318 416,089 56,723 64,971
Personnel costs per employee (euros) 57,808 42,333 85,481 38,159 42,620
Added value rate (%) 5.4 25.8 31.0 44.0 26.3
Personnel cost rate (%) 133.2 66.4 18.6 66.6 63.2
Gross operating rate (%) -1.4 8.2 15.7 15.3 8.8
Salaried rate (%) 99.6 96.2 90.8 99.0 96.4
Investment rate (%) 83.1 17.8 23.0 13.8 18.3
Taxa de participació femenina en el personal assalariat (%) 12.1 31.3 26.6 23.6 30.6
Source: Idescat, based on the INE's Structural business statistics in the industrial sector.
Note: La secció d'indústries extractives inclou la divisió 19, refinació de petroli, tot i que segons la CCAE-2009 pertany a la secció indústries manufactureres.

Methodological note

Definition of concepts

Personnel costs per employee
Quotient between the personnel costs and the average number of employees each year. It is expressed in euros in the tables.
Productivity
Quotient between the value added at factor costs and the average number of employees during the year. It represents the contribution of each employee to the generation of company income. It measures the effectiveness of the work factor. It is expressed in euros.
Gross operating rate
Proportion that the gross operating surplus represents with respect to the turnover. It is expressed as a percentage.
Personnel cost rate
Proportion that personnel costs represent with respect to the gross value added at factor costs. It may be regarded as a measure of the participation of employees in the income generated in the sector in question. It is expressed as a percentage.
Rate of female participation in employees:
Proportion of salaried women with regard to the total number of employees (both annual averages). It is expressed as a percentage.
Salaried rate
Proportion of salaried workers with respect to the number of people employed, both in terms of annual averages. It is expressed as a percentage.
Added value rate
Proportion that the gross added value at factor costs represents with respect to the value of the production. It demonstrates the ability to generate income per unit of product or service. It is expressed as a percentage.
Investment rate
Proportion that total investment (in both tangible and intangible assets) represents with respect to the value added at factor costs. It is expressed as a percentage.

Methodological aspects

The Structural Business Statistics in the Industrial Sector , called the Industrial Survey of Companies prior to the reference year 2014, is the main source of information on the industrial sector. This is an annual sample-based survey conducted by the INE in collaboration with Idescat. It offers structural information on industrial companies (establishments, employed population, production, costs and sales) disaggregated by large sectors and by 15 groups of the CCAE-2009.

The survey covers the whole territory of Spain (until 2012 were excluded Ceuta and Melilla) and is designed to offer results by autonomous communities. Idescat performs an annual treatment of the microdata in the survey in order to extend the results for Catalonia, both in terms of the number of branches and the available variables.

In 2008, the Industrial Survey of Companies was reformed in order to adapt it to the new European Regulation on Structural Business Statistics (SBS), the new national Classification of Economic Activities (CNAE-2009) and the new General Accounting Plan, passed in 2007. Some new modifications were also introduced to improve the quality of the survey while maintaining the strategic objective of reducing the burden on informants.

Until the year 2012, the Survey focussed its field of study on industrial companies with at least one employee. From 2013 onwards, the population scope was widened to include industrial companies without employees and the territorial scope was widened to include companies in Ceuta and Melilla. This extension of the populational scope of the sample (selected for Spain as a whole, not by autonomous communities) has led to an increase in the year-over-year variability of the number of companies and establishments. To ensure the comparability of the indicators between the different years, the calculations only take into account industrial companies with employees.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".