|Extraction industries||Manufacturing industries||Prod. & distr. electric energy and gas||Water supply, sanitation waste manag't||Total|
|Personnel costs per employee (euros)||60,512||45,026||81,460||39,164||45,139|
|Added value rate (%)||11.4||24.9||31.8||42.3||25.4|
|Personnel cost rate (%)||31.2||64.0||15.8||65.2||59.8|
|Gross operating rate (%)||6.9||8.6||13.9||15.0||9.3|
|Salaried rate (%)||98.2||95.6||93.5||98.4||95.8|
|Investment rate (%)||19.8||17.3||27.3||14.6||18.0|
|Taxa de participació femenina en el personal assalariat (%)||12.9||31.3||28.7||22.5||30.5|
|Source: Idescat, based on the INE's Structural business statistics in the industrial sector.|
|- Due to methodological improvements applied in 2021, the 2021 results for the grouping Water supply; sewerage and waste management are not strictly comparable with those of previous years, although the economic variables of the industry sector as a whole are hardly affected by the change.|
|- La secció d'indústries extractives inclou la divisió 19, refinació de petroli, tot i que segons la CCAE-2009 pertany a la secció indústries manufactureres.|
Last update: November 23, 2023.
These statistics have a specific section with all the information available: Structural Business Statistics in the Industrial Sector (EIE).
Definition of concepts
- Personnel costs per employee
- Quotient between the personnel costs and the average number of employees each year. It is expressed in euros in the tables.
- Quotient between the value added at factor costs and the average number of employees during the year. It represents the contribution of each employee to the generation of company income. It measures the effectiveness of the work factor. It is expressed in euros.
- Gross operating rate
- Proportion that the gross operating surplus represents with respect to the turnover. It is expressed as a percentage.
- Personnel cost rate
- Proportion that personnel costs represent with respect to the gross value added at factor costs. It may be regarded as a measure of the participation of employees in the income generated in the sector in question. It is expressed as a percentage.
- Rate of female participation in employees:
- Proportion of salaried women with regard to the total number of employees (both annual averages). It is expressed as a percentage.
- Salaried rate
- Proportion of salaried workers with respect to the number of people employed, both in terms of annual averages. It is expressed as a percentage.
- Added value rate
- Proportion that the gross added value at factor costs represents with respect to the value of the production. It demonstrates the ability to generate income per unit of product or service. It is expressed as a percentage.
- Investment rate
- Proportion that total investment (in both tangible and intangible assets) represents with respect to the value added at factor costs. It is expressed as a percentage.
The Structural Business Statistics in the Industrial Sector , called the Industrial Survey of Companies prior to the reference year 2014, is the main source of information on the industrial sector. This is an annual sample-based survey conducted by the INE in collaboration with Idescat. It offers structural information on industrial companies (establishments, employed population, production, costs and sales) disaggregated by large sectors and by 15 groups of the CCAE-2009.
The survey covers the whole territory of Spain (until 2012 were excluded Ceuta and Melilla) and is designed to offer results by autonomous communities. Idescat performs an annual treatment of the microdata in the survey in order to extend the results for Catalonia, both in terms of the number of branches and the available variables.
In 2008, the Industrial Survey of Companies was reformed in order to adapt it to the new European Regulation on Structural Business Statistics (SBS), the new national Classification of Economic Activities (CNAE-2009) and the new General Accounting Plan, passed in 2007. Some new modifications were also introduced to improve the quality of the survey while maintaining the strategic objective of reducing the burden on informants.
Until the year 2012, the Survey focussed its field of study on industrial companies with at least one employee. From 2013 onwards, the population scope was widened to include industrial companies without employees and the territorial scope was widened to include companies in Ceuta and Melilla. This extension of the populational scope of the sample (selected for Spain as a whole, not by autonomous communities) has led to an increase in the year-over-year variability of the number of companies and establishments. To ensure the comparability of the indicators between the different years, the calculations only take into account industrial companies with employees.
You can get more information about these statistics in the methodology.
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