Skip to main content

Women aged 16 years and over. By age groups, marital status, nationality and number of live births

Women aged 16 years and over. By age groups, marital status, nationality and number of live births Catalonia. 2011
Number of live births
0 1 2 3 4 and over Total women Total Child Average number of children per woman
Total 1,051,519 598,406 992,276 332,296 193,987 3,168,484 4,511,856 1.42
By age groups
From 16 to 19 128,861 1,781 859 205 .. Confidential data, low reliability or not available 131,851 4,763 0.04
From 20 to 24 168,116 12,431 4,832 845 329 186,553 26,226 0.14
From 25 to 29 184,964 37,783 16,628 3,963 1,630 244,967 90,553 0.37
From 30 to 34 156,334 88,883 55,463 10,448 3,116 314,243 245,125 0.78
From 35 to 39 100,486 91,030 110,558 20,820 6,289 329,183 403,540 1.23
From 40 to 44 66,253 73,962 123,622 24,322 8,571 296,730 433,231 1.46
From 45 to 49 49,802 66,948 123,088 25,279 10,522 275,639 437,891 1.59
From 50 to 54 38,128 55,666 119,192 28,274 10,392 251,653 428,920 1.70
From 55 to 59 27,826 40,317 104,171 34,214 13,703 220,231 415,104 1.88
From 60 to 64 26,269 28,181 89,823 41,310 20,732 206,316 427,380 2.07
From 65 to 69 23,134 19,867 70,341 41,176 25,965 180,482 403,581 2.24
From 70 to 74 18,955 16,996 49,417 31,257 25,359 141,984 331,630 2.34
From 75 to 79 22,894 23,095 52,598 31,586 27,034 157,207 356,390 2.27
From 80 to 84 19,887 20,739 38,747 21,531 21,404 122,308 272,270 2.23
From 85 and over 19,608 20,728 32,938 17,066 18,795 109,135 235,252 2.16
By marital status
Single 749,173 95,972 45,916 9,921 4,887 905,869 240,943 0.27
Married 228,593 370,225 729,933 220,686 107,711 1,657,149 2,996,254 1.81
Widow 35,691 63,866 133,709 74,508 68,163 375,937 898,230 2.39
Separated 8,553 19,254 26,383 9,772 5,804 69,766 128,311 1.84
Divorced 29,509 49,090 56,335 17,409 7,422 159,764 248,118 1.55
By nationality
Spanish 888,533 507,937 894,165 287,307 159,139 2,737,081 3,918,388 1.43
Foreign 162,986 90,470 98,111 44,989 34,848 431,403 593,468 1.38
Source: Idescat, based on the Population and Housing Censuses INE's.
Note: The Population and Housing Census 2011 includes survey data. The results have been conveniently rounded up and are shown without decimals. Hence, some totals may not coincide with the sum of their disaggregation.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.

Last update: March 26, 2014.

Statistics CENSPH

Methodological note

Methodological aspects

Historically, population censuses have included questions on the fertility of the female population. Since 1920, respondents have been asked about the number of live births and, as of 1930, the year of marriage. It should be remembered, moreover, that these kinds of questions are in line with the United Nations recommendations concerning the collection of census information for the study of female fertility.

The question about the number of offspring born varies in the collection of information of recent censuses. The 1981 census only included the question for women who were or had been married and left extra-marital births aside.

In the 1991 census, the question was addressed to women who had had live births, which hinders comparison of data with the previous census. The question on live births was addressed to all women who at some time of their life had had at least one live birth. Because of the wording of the question, the "non-answer" and childless mothers could not be distinguished. In fact, it should be assumed that all "non-answers" correspond to childless women in the census questionnaire.

This question was not included in the 2001 Population Census. In 2011, the question addressed the entire female population aged 16 and over and gathers information on the number of live offspring born, which enables studying retrospective fertility or cumulative fertility.

The ratio between the total number of children had by women of a certain age at the time of the census and the total number of women of the same age gives the mean number of offspring per woman for the age considered and is known as mean parity. Mean parity measures the cumulative fertility throughout life at the time of the census for the survivors of a female cohort defined according to the period of birth, but it does not provide information on the time of occurrence of births.

The mean number of offspring according to mother's age can be calculated for different groups of women of certain characteristics, such as civil status, level of education, the relationship with activity, etc. When assessing the results, it should be borne in mind that the characteristics of the mothers refer to the time of the census and not to the time of birth of the offspring.

The Population and Housing Census 2011 includes survey data. The results have been conveniently rounded up and are shown without decimals. Hence, some totals may not coincide with the sum of their disaggregation.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".