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Services sector. Main results Catalonia
2020 2019 2018 2017
Companies (number) 443,758 446,815 433,132 426,209
Establishments (number) 485,442 492,905 474,868 471,608
Employed persons (number) 1,832,059 1,911,141 1,846,885 1,792,352
Operating income 250,225,528 286,302,010 270,609,898 255,712,228
Turnover 239,517,687 276,010,611 261,687,463 246,765,880
Work done for the asset 764,385 749,161 725,389 711,743
Operating subsidies 4,168,347 3,354,431 2,860,733 2,731,611
Other operating income 5,775,110 6,187,807 5,336,313 5,502,995
Invent. var. prim. mat., supplies and merchandise -309,529 831,994 996,733 366,357
Inventory variation in products finished and in progress 98,752 121,036 181,500 -81,721
Operating expenses 242,661,180 267,440,653 251,774,597 239,268,494
Consumption of goods 112,780,371 125,561,786 121,805,545 114,189,688
Consumption of raw materials and other supplies 11,550,714 15,069,759 13,783,307 13,380,645
Work done by other companies 14,907,826 17,308,081 16,175,951 15,902,752
Personnel costs 47,011,536 51,382,485 47,622,256 44,138,335
Wages and salaries 36,769,637 40,529,461 37,597,129 34,765,573
Social burdens and other personnel costs 10,241,899 10,853,024 10,025,126 9,372,762
Expenditure on external services 41,721,083 47,522,544 43,929,010 41,907,571
Provision for amortizations 9,978,103 9,342,919 7,829,806 7,309,043
Other operating expenses 4,711,547 1,253,080 628,723 2,440,460
Gross investment in tangible assets 8,228,500 9,332,524 8,693,049 8,846,507
Gross investment in intangible assets 1,705,355 1,592,978 1,483,299 1,835,753
Result of the financial year 6,736,734 24,068,420 17,889,827 9,090,241
Units: Thousands of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on the INE's Structural business statistics in the service sector.
Note: Several methodological improvements were applied to the Structural Business Statistics in 2016. The results for 2016 are therefore not strictly comparable with those for previous years.

Methodological note

Definition of concepts

Consumption of goods
Number of purchases of goods (assets acquired by the company to be resold without subjecting them to a transformation process) made by the company during the reference year, less the changes in good inventories. The purchases are accounted for without including VAT and in net terms, in other words, by deducting discounts for immediate payment, sales returns and quantity discounts.
Personnel costs
Total amount of payments made by the company as wages and salaries, compensations, Social Security paid by the company and other social costs (long term retributions via contributory systems or defined allowances, retributions to personnel via patrimony instruments and other social expenses).
Operating expenses
TTotal amount obtained as a result of adding up the different expenses linked to the operations performed by the company: consumption and work performed by other companies, personnel expenses, external services and other operating expenses.
Expenditure on external services
Sum of all the different operating expenses incurred by the company during the reference year, including R&D expenses, leases and fees, repairs and maintenance, services of independent professionals, third-party transport, non-social insurance premiums, banking services and the like, advertising, publicity and public relations, supplies and other services.
Company
The smallest combination of legal units constituting an organisational unit for the production of goods or services, one having certain autonomy in terms of decision-making, principally for allocating the resources it has at its disposal.
Operating revenue
Total amount obtained as a result of aggregating the different revenue associated to the operation.
Gross investment in intangible assets (Serv.)
Company expenditure on the acquisition of long lasting elements that are not materials (patents, commercial brands, designs, copyright, etc.). Includes expenditure on research and development, administrative concessions, industrial property, trade funds, rights to transfer of buildings and computer applications. Until 2007, the section "Other management expenses "was considered part of intermediate consumption and was therefore included in this calculation.
Gross investments in materials assets (Serv.)
Purchases of long lasting goods destined for use in the company's activity (land and natural goods, computer equipment, technical constructions and installations, transport elements, machinery and utilities, etc.), as well as improvements, transformations and repairs that prolong useful life or increase productivity. Includes investments in fixed assets, i.e., property acquired to obtain income or benefits and that are not used in the production or supply of goods or services, or for administrative purposes. Also includes rights to goods acquired by financial lease methods during the year. This is calculated without VAT, including installation costs and associated rights and royalties, but not financial costs. Until 2007, investments in material assets included the balance between the purchase and sale of these assets.
Annual balance
Total amount of the profit or loss for the year as obtained as a consequence of the company's activity.
Changes in inventories of raw materials, other supplies and goods
Amount corresponding to the difference between the final inventories and initial inventories of raw materials, other supplies and goods. These inventories are valued at acquisition cost.
Changes in inventories in products finished and in progress
Amount corresponding to the difference between the final and initial inventories of the different products (finished, semi-finished and in progress, by-products, waste and recovered materials) manufactured by the company. These inventories are valued at production cost.
Turnover
It includes the amounts invoiced by the company during the reference year for sales of goods and services corresponding to the company's ordinary activities. These sales are accounted for in net terms, in other words, by deducting sales discounts for immediate payment, sales returns, the value of returned packaging and quantity discounts. The taxes and duties on invoiced goods and services are included but the VAT transferred to the customer is excluded.

Methodological aspects

The Structural Business Statistics in the Service Sector, called the Annual Services Survey prior to the reference year 2014, is a sample-based survey that is produced annually by the INE in order to study the economic characteristics of companies in almost all of the market services sector (number of establishments, employment, income and operating costs, etc.) and estimate the main micromagnitudes. Idescat makes a detailed treatment for Catalonia and collaborates with the publishing of questionnaires.

The information on Transportation and storage and Information and communication is presented in two tables: main results and macromagnitudes.

Since 2008, the Annual services survey has been adapted to the new National classification of economic activities (CNAE-2009). This change involves a shift in the series that prevents inter-annual comparison between most sectors and some variables.

The correspondences between the sectors used and the Catalan classification of economic activities (CCAE-2009) is as follows:

CCAE-2009Groups of activities
  
45Wholesale and retail trade; repair of motor vehicles and motorcycles
46Wholesale trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
47Retail trade, except of motor vehicles and motorcycles
49-53Transportation and storage
55,56Accommodation
58-63Information and communication
68Real estate activities
69-75Professional, scientific and technical activities
77-82Administrative and support service activities
90-93Arts, entertainment and recreation
95,96Other services

Several methodological improvements were applied to the Structural Business Statistics in 2016. The results for 2016 are therefore not strictly comparable with those for previous years.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".