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In-house R&D expenditure. By sector of performance

In-house R&D expenditure. By sector of performance Catalonia. 2019
Value Variation (%)
Total 3,596.6 2.4
Public Administration 667.6 8.1
Higher education 760.8 3.9
Business enterprise and PNP (1) 2,168.3 0.3
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data of the Research and Development Activities Statistics of INE.
Note: Expenditure on in-house R&D conducted in Catalonia by units that have R&D activity, regardless of where their head office is located.
(1) Private non-profit sector.
In-house R&D expenditure. By sector of performance Spain. 2019
Value Variation (%)
Total 15,572.1 4.2
Public Administration 2,648.3 5.3
Higher education 4,141.1 4.9
Business enterprise and PNP (1) 8,782.6 3.5
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: INE. Research and Development Activities Statistics.
(1) Private non-profit sector.

Methodological note

Data on the effort in Catalonia in research and technological development (R&D) come from the Statistics on activities in research and experimental development carried out by the INE annually. In order to facilitate comparability with other countries of the European Union, the methodology used in these statistics follows the guidelines of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), as set out in the Frascati Manual.

Scientific research and technological development include the set of creative and original works that are undertaken systematically and/or sporadically in order to increase the volume of knowledge, including knowledge of mankind, culture and society, as well as the use of this knowledge to conceive new applications.

The Statistic on activities in research and experimental development (R&D) is a census-based statistic in the sectors of Public Administration, higher education and private non-profit institutions, and a sample statistic in the companies sector.

In order to calculate the effort in R&D activities in Catalonia, the spending on R&D activities made within the surveyed unit (gross domestic expenditure) and the personnel employed for this purpose in full-time equivalent employment (FTE) are measured. This information is provided by fields of operation.

Spending is presented in current euros and in percentage of GDP. For Catalonia we use GDP from Annual Economic Accounts for Catalonia.

The calculation of equivalent full-time personnel takes into account the personnel who work full time in R&D activities and the sum of fractions of time dedicated to R&D activities by part-time personnel. The information is provided by sex and is disaggregated into three professional categories: research, technical and other supporting staff personnel.