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Employed persons in industry. By activity groups

Employed persons in industry. By activity groups (CCEA-2009) Catalonia. 2019
Value Variation (%)
Total industry 492,622 1.0
Extraction industries, oil refining 3,478 -0.2
Food industry 80,272 -3.7
Production of beverages and of tobacco products 10,309 3.7
Manufacture of textiles, leather, footwear. Tailoring 32,254 0.4
Manufacture of wood and cork-based products, except furniture; basketry 7,740 -1.4
Manufacture of paper and graphic arts 29,539 -2.2
Chemicals industries 37,824 3.7
Manufacture of pharmaceutical products 23,587 5.0
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 23,783 0.2
Other non-metal mineral products industries 11,534 2.5
Metallurgy 6,774 2.3
Manufacture of steel products, except machinery and equipment 52,986 -2.7
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical material and equipment 24,677 4.4
Manufacture of N.E.C. machinery and equipment 28,798 6.2
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 38,845 -0.6
Manufacture of other transport equipment, except motor vehicles 2,840 -4.1
Furniture making and other manufacturing industries 18,112 -0.1
Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 18,998 10.0
Electricity and gas production and supply 6,518 15.6
Water supply; sanitation and waste management 33,756 5.1
Units: Persons.
Source: Idescat, based on the INE's Structural business statistics in the industrial sector.
Employed persons in industry. By activity groups (CCEA-2009) Spain. 2019
Value Variation (%)
Total industry 2,311,811 (b) z
Extraction industries, oil refining .. ..
Food industry 396,287 (b) z
Production of beverages and of tobacco products .. ..
Manufacture of textiles, leather, footwear. Tailoring 127,765 (b) z
Manufacture of wood and cork-based products, except furniture; basketry 53,465 (b) z
Manufacture of paper and graphic arts 108,030 (b) z
Chemicals industries 98,551 (b) z
Manufacture of pharmaceutical products 48,867 (b) z
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products 102,359 (b) z
Other non-metal mineral products industries 101,599 (b) z
Metallurgy 61,543 (b) z
Manufacture of steel products, except machinery and equipment 257,278 (b) z
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical material and equipment 103,028 (b) z
Manufacture of N.E.C. machinery and equipment 118,009 (b) z
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers 160,292 (b) z
Manufacture of other transport equipment, except motor vehicles 49,267 (b) z
Furniture making and other manufacturing industries 104,304 (b) z
Repair and installation of machinery and equipment 99,530 (b) z
Electricity and gas production and supply 47,311 (b) z
Water supply; sanitation and waste management 182,257 (b) z
Units: Persons.
Source: INE. Structural business statistics in the industrial sector.
Note: From the year 2019, the concept of the company as a statistical unit has changed for data for Spain. Consequently, the results of this year are not strictly comparable with those of previous years nor with Catalonia.
(b) Break in time series.
(z) Category not applicable.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.

Methodological note

The Structural Business Statistics in the Industrial Sector (called the Industrial Survey of Companies prior to the reference year 2014) is the main source of structural information on the industrial sectors. This sample survey is performed annually by the INE in collaboration with the Idescat. Its fundamental objective is to provide information on the main structural characteristics of industrial companies (production, sales, export, intermediate consumptions, investment, etc).

The basic unit used in the research is the company, defined as a legal entity constituting an organizational unit for the production of goods or services, one having certain autonomy in terms of decision-making, principally as to allocating the resources it has at its disposal. The company is the unit that reports (providing the data requested by the survey) and is also an observation unit (the data required by the questionnaire refers to the company).

The population examined in the Industrial Companies Survey consists of the group of companies whose main activity falls within those found from sections B to E in the Catalan Classification of Economic Activities (CCAE-2009): mining, electricity, gas, steam and air conditioning, water supply, sanitation, waste management, and decontamination. A company's main activity is understood to be the one generating its greatest added value; if this does not apply, it is the one providing employment to the greatest number of people. Until 2007, the classification used was CCAE-93.

Correspondences between the 20 economic activity groups and the CCAE-2009
Activity groupsCCAE-2009
Mining and petroleum refining05–09, 19
Food industry 10
Production of beverages and of tobacco products 11–12
Manufacture of textiles, leather, footwear. Tailoring13–15
Manufacture of wood and cork-based products, except furniture; basketry16
Manufacture of paper and graphic arts17–18
Chemicals industries20
Manufacture of pharmaceutical products21
Manufacture of rubber and plastic products22
Other non-metal mineral products industries23
Metallurgy24
Manufacture of steel products, except machinery and equipment25
Manufacture of computer, electronic and optical material and equipment26–27
Manufacture of N.E.C. machinery and equipment28
Manufacture of motor vehicles, trailers and semi-trailers29
Manufacture of other transport equipment, except motor vehicles30
Furniture making and other manufacturing industries31–32
Repair and installation of machinery and equipment33
Electricity and gas production and supply35
Water supply; sanitation and waste management36–39

Employees are the group of people who, by performing their job, contribute to the production of goods or services or carry out auxiliary services to a company (administration, transport, warehousing). This includes on holiday staff, those on short-term or sick leave, those on strike, and those paid by the company but who work offsite. This does not include personnel with unlimited leave, personnel assigned to another company and are paid for this concept, personnel who work strictly on commission, freelance professionals bound to the company by commercial contract, exclusively financial partners or the owner's family members who do not take an active role in the company. The reference point for the employment data is 30th September of each year.

The changes made to Industrial Companies Surveys carried out from the 2008 results caused a methodological division within the series that hinders inter-annual comparisons, both in terms of the total amount of industry as well as most sectors and a large number of variables.

In 2011, the Survey widened and improved coverage of the energy sector (division 35 of the CCAE-2009) and, in 2013, the waste management sector (division 38 of the CCAE-2009).

Until the year 2012, the Survey focussed its field of study on industrial companies with at least one employee. From 2013 onwards, the population scope was widened to include industrial companies without employees and the territorial scope was widened to include companies in Ceuta and Melilla.

Several methodological improvements were applied to the Structural Business Statistics in 2016 as part of the Project for the integration of the structural economic surveys.

The lack of uniformity described means it would not be appropriate to calculate the year-over-year variation for these groups of activities for the mentioned years.

From 2019, the results for Spain are shown in statistical enterprises, while for Catalonia the results continue to be shown in legal units.