Consumer Price Index (CPI)

Consumer Price Index (CPI) Catalonia. June, 2018
Index Variation monthly % Variation year-over-year % Variation since the beginning of the year %
General index 104.8 0.3 2.4 1.3
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 104.1 0.3 2.7 1.5
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 103.8 0.1 2.3 1.8
Clothing and footwear 107.7 -1.0 0.8 -3.0
Housing 105.0 0.5 2.3 0.5
Household goods 101.0 -0.1 0.5 0.4
Medicine 102.2 0.1 0.7 0.5
Transport 110.0 0.3 6.6 3.5
Communications 104.0 -0.1 2.1 3.0
Leisure and culture 101.9 0.9 0.7 0.2
Education 101.3 0.0 0.5 0.0
Hotels, cafés and restaurants 104.9 0.5 2.1 3.1
Other goods and services 102.8 0.1 1.1 1.0
Units: Base 2016=100.
Source: INE.
Consumer Price Index (CPI) Spain. June, 2018
Index Variation monthly % Variation year-over-year % Variation since the beginning of the year %
General index 104.4 0.3 2.3 1.2
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 103.5 0.5 2.5 1.5
Alcoholic beverages and tobacco 103.9 0.1 2.2 1.7
Clothing and footwear 106.9 -1.2 0.9 -2.8
Housing 105.8 0.5 2.6 0.1
Household goods 100.1 0.1 0.1 0.3
Medicine 101.2 0.1 0.2 0.5
Transport 109.2 0.4 6.1 3.5
Communications 104.2 -0.1 2.2 3.1
Leisure and culture 101.2 0.9 0.6 0.1
Education 101.5 0.0 0.7 0.0
Hotels, cafés and restaurants 104.2 0.3 1.7 2.1
Other goods and services 101.9 0.1 0.9 0.6
Units: Base 2016=100.
Source: INE.

Date published: July 13, 2018. Next update: August 14, 2018

Methodological note

The Consumer Price Index (CPI) measures the change over time in the prices of consumer goods and services purchased by people living in households in Spain. Consumer expenditure means the monetary flow paid for the acquisition of goods and services classified as such in a nomenclature expressly drawn up by the INE. Expenditure which could be classified as investment, such as buying a house or flat, is excluded.

The CPI is calculated based on the Laspeyres formula, which is a weighted arithmetic mean of the price indexes of the various consumer items covered. Since February 2017 a new consumer price index system, CPI base 2016, has been used which is designed to provide more representative coverage and greater precision in measuring change in this indicator by expanding the sample of towns, increasing the number of prices gathered, changes in the make-up of the basket of consumer articles and more updated weightings.

The base 2016 sample is made up of 177 towns, and the total number of prices collected are 220.000, which means that the monthly calculation of the CPI is carried out using 177 towns.

The most noticeable changes in the configuration of the base 2016 basket of goods are the incorporation of online video and music services, gambling or coffee pods in food products.

The weighting structure for base 2016 has been drawn up based on the Survey of Family Budgets (SFB). Furthermore, information from other sources has been used to determine the final structure:

  • change in private consumer spending from National Accounting
  • change in CPI prices
  • other sources about supply in the various sectors

Consumer expenditure has been classified in accordance with a nomenclature drawn up by the INE based on the ECOICOP (European Classification Of Individual Consumption by Purpose), a harmonized European Union nomenclature. Consumer items that are going to remain on the market and are regularly consumed by the public are chosen.

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