EU Sustainable Development Goal indicators for Catalonia
With the aim of measuring progress towards the achievement of sustainable development goals in the European Union, in 2017 a set of EU SDGs was developed under the leadership of Eurostat.
These indicators are structured in the 17 goals of the United Nations 2030 Agenda that provide a statistical perspective of sustainable development in the EU and its member states. The set of indicators focuses on relevant aspects from the perspective of the EU and encompasses the social, economic, environmental and institutional dimensions of sustainability that are represented by the 2030 Agenda. Each SDG is normally covered by five or six main indicators, which have been selected to reflect the major objectives of the SDGs. Some of these are multi-purpose indicators, that is to say, they are used to monitor more than one SDG, which highlights the link between the different goals. This set of indicators is subject to annual reviews to add new sources of data and to take into account new milestones in accordance with the long-term vision of the EU and the priorities of the European Commission.
In order to monitor and evaluate the level of SDG achievement in Catalonia, all Annual Statistical Programmes include in the official statistics the creation, maintenance, updating and dissemination of the system of SDG indicators for Catalonia that takes as a reference the indicators published by Eurostat and this organisation's criteria for quality, soundness and methodological suitability.
The Statistical Institute of Catalonia and the Ministry of Climate Action, Food and Rural Agenda, through the Advisory Council for Sustainable Development (CADS), are the bodies responsible for these statistics, which has the collaboration of the rest of the ministries of the Generalitat de Catalunya.
End poverty in all its forms everywhere
SDG 1 calls for an end to poverty in all its manifestations, including extreme poverty, over the next 15 years. It envisions shared prosperity, basic standard of living and social protection benefits for people everywhere, including the poorest and most vulnerable.
In order to empower people to raise themselves out of poverty, SDG 1 seeks to ensure equal rights and access to economic and natural resources as well as technology, property and basic and financial services. It also calls for supporting communities affected by conflict and climate-related disasters and emphasises policy commitment and mobilisation of resources as essential levers for accelerating poverty eradication.
Monitoring SDG 1 in an EU context focuses on progress made in alleviating multidimensional poverty and in ensuring that the basic needs of EU citizens are met.
End hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition and promote sustainable agriculture
SDG 2 seeks to end hunger and malnutrition, and ensure access to safe, nutritious and sufficient food. Sustainable and resilient food production systems are a key factor in achieving this goal. Implementing sustainable agricultural practices can help ensure future food security in a scenario of increasing demand and changing climate.
Realising these goals is largely dependent on increased investment in rural infrastructure and agricultural research and development. Even with favourable increases in agricultural production, however, food security and improved nutrition will be elusive for many if price and information distortions in world agricultural markets persist. Policy makers have a role to play in promoting sustainable production systems and ensuring proper functioning of food commodity markets and access to market information.
Monitoring SDG 2 in an EU context focuses on progress made in fighting against malnutrition, fostering sustainable agriculture and reducing the adverse impacts of agricultural production.
Ensure healthy lives and promote well-being for all at all ages
SDG 3 aims to ensure health and well-being for all at all ages by improving reproductive, maternal and child health; ending the epidemics of major communicable diseases; reducing non-communicable and mental diseases. SDG 3 also calls for reducing behavioural as well as environmental health risk factors.
Main prerequisite for meeting these objectives are universal health coverage; access to sexual and reproductive health-care services and to safe, affordable and effective medicines and vaccines for all. Other crucial steps for addressing persistent and emerging health issues that SDG 3 emphasises are support for research and development of vaccines and medicines, increased health financing and health workforces in developing countries and strengthened capacity for early warning and management of health risks.
Monitoring SDG 3 in an EU context focuses on progress made in enabling EU citizens to live healthy lives, by assessing health determinants, causes of death and access to health care.
Ensure inclusive and equitable quality education and promote lifelong learning opportunities for all
SDG 4 seeks to ensure access to equitable and quality education through all stages of life. Apart from formal qualifications, SDG 4 also aims to increase the number of youth and adults having relevant skills for employment, decent jobs and entrepreneurship.
Furthermore, SDG 4 envisions the elimination of gender and income disparities in access to education. The achievement of universal literacy and numeracy and the acquisition of knowledge and skills to promote sustainable development are also considered crucial for empowering people to live independent, healthy and sustainable lives.
To accelerate progress, SDG 4 calls for building and upgrading educational facilities, expanding the number of higher education scholarships available to developing countries and increasing the supply of qualified teachers.
Monitoring SDG 4 in an EU context focuses on progress made in promoting and increasing basic education, tertiary education and adult education.
Achieve gender equality and empower all women and girls
SDG 5 aims at achieving gender equality by ending all forms of discrimination, violence, and any harmful practices against women and girls in the public and private spheres. It also recognises the importance of universal access to sexual and reproductive health and reproductive rights for combating gender inequality.
SDG 5 calls for equal rights, recognition and value of unpaid care and domestic work and access to economic and natural resources, technology, basic and financial services and property as well as full and effective participation and equal opportunities for leadership at all levels of political and economic decision-making for women. The adoption of sound policies and legislation to promote gender equality are seen as essential for eliminating gender discrimination and fostering women's empowerment.
Monitoring SDG 5 in an EU context focuses on progress made in abating gender-based violence and in fostering gender equality in education, employment and leadership positions.
Ensure availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all
SDG 6 calls for ensuring universal access to safe and affordable drinking water, sanitation and hygiene, and ending open defecation. It also aims at improving water quality and water-use efficiency and encouraging sustainable abstractions and supply of freshwater.
Protecting and restoring water-related ecosystems such as forests, mountains, wetlands and rivers is essential for mitigating water scarcity, as is the implementation of integrated water resources management.
More international cooperation is also needed to support developing countries in water- and sanitation-related activities and programmes and to help local communities improve water and sanitation management.
Monitoring SDG 6 in an EU context focuses on progress made in sanitation efforts, in improving water quality and in increasing water use efficiency.
Ensure access to affordable, reliable, sustainable and modern energy for all
SDG 7 calls for ensuring universal access to modern energy services, improving energy efficiency and increasing the share of renewable energy. To accelerate the transition to an affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy system, countries need to facilitate access to clean energy research, promote investment in energy infrastructure and clean energy technology.
Enhanced international cooperation is also necessary for expanding infrastructure and upgrading technology for energy services in developing countries.
Monitoring SDG 7 in an EU context focuses on progress made in reducing its energy consumption, in securing sustainable energy supply and in improving access to affordable energy.
Promote sustained, inclusive and sustainable economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all
SDG 8 recognises the importance of sustained economic growth and high levels of economic productivity for the creation of well-paid quality jobs and the achievement of global prosperity. SDG 8 calls for providing opportunities for full and productive employment and decent work for all while eradicating forced labour, human trafficking and child labour and promoting labour rights and safe and secure working environments.
SDG 8 draws particular attention to creating opportunities for the youth who are not in education, employment and training in order to prevent future erosion of skills and job discouragement.
SDG 8 also foresees enhanced international cooperation to support growth and decent employment in developing countries through increased aid for trade, development-oriented policies and a global strategy for youth employment.
Monitoring SDG 8 in an EU context focuses on progress made in fostering sustainable economic growth, in increasing employment and in providing decent work opportunities.
Build resilient infrastructure, promote inclusive and sustainable industrialization and foster innovation
SDG 9 calls for building resilient and sustainable infrastructure, which supports sustainable development and human well-being. SDG 9 promotes inclusive and sustainable industrialisation as a core driver for ending poverty and improving standards of living of all people.
SDG 9 also recognises the importance of technological progress and innovation for finding lasting solutions to social, economic and environmental challenges. It calls for fostering innovation by enhancing scientific research and technology development, and by upgrading technological capabilities of industrial actors.
SDG 9 also seeks to increase access to financial services for small-scale enterprises and to bridge the digital divide by increasing access to information and communication technologies. It calls for enhanced international cooperation and support to developing countries.
Monitoring SDG 9 in an EU context focuses on progress made in strengthening R&D and innovation and in promoting sustainable transport.
Reduce inequality within and among countries
SDG 10 calls for increasing the income of bottom 40 % of the population and reducing inequalities based on income, sex, age, disability, race, class, ethnicity, religion and opportunity by adopting relevant policies and legislation. It also aims to improve the regulation and monitoring of financial markets and institutions.
SDG 10 addresses between-country inequalities by encouraging development assistance and foreign direct investment to the regions with the greatest need, promoting the implementation of the principle of special and differentiated trade treatment for developing countries and the representation of developing countries in decision-making in global economic and financial institutions.
SDG 10 seeks to promote social inclusion globally through the facilitation of safe, orderly and regular migration and the reduction of transaction costs of migrant remittances.
Monitoring SDG 10 in an EU context focuses on progress made in reducing inequalities between and within countries and in achieving social inclusion and safe migration.
Make cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable
SDG 11 aims to renew and plan cities and other human settlements in a way that they offer opportunities for all, with access to basic services, energy, housing, transportation, green public spaces, while improving resource use and reducing environmental impacts.
SDG 11 envisions cities as environmentally resilient human settlements, which drive sustainable development, stimulate innovation and foster community cohesion and personal safety.
SDG 11 calls for safeguarding the world's cultural and natural heritage and supporting positive economic, social and environmental links between urban, peri-urban and rural areas. It also stands for enhanced international cooperation and support to least developed countries for building sustainable and resilient buildings.
Monitoring SDG 11 in an EU context focuses on progress made in enriching the quality of life in cities and communities, in fostering sustainable transport and in alleviating adverse environmental impacts.
Ensure sustainable consumption and production patterns
SDG 12 calls for action on all fronts: adoption of sustainable practices and sustainability reporting by businesses; promotion of sustainable procurement practices and rationalisation inefficient fossil-fuel subsidies by policy-makers; environmentally-aware lifestyles of consumers; development of new technologies and production and consumption methods by researchers and scientists and others.
SDG 12 envisions sustainable consumption and production, which uses resources efficiently, reduces global food and other waste, disposes safely toxic waste and pollutants.
SDG 12 also highlights the importance of strengthening scientific and technological capacity in developing countries to move to sustainable patterns of consumption and production and developing tools to monitor sustainable development impacts for sustainable tourism.
Monitoring SDG 12 in an EU context focuses on progress made in decoupling environmental impacts from economic growth, in decreasing its energy consumption and in tackling waste generation and management.
Take urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts
SDG 13 seeks to implement the commitment to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and operationalise the Green Climate Fund. It aims to strengthen countries' resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters by integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation measures into national strategies, policies and planning.
This also requires improved education, awareness-raising and capacity on climate change mitigation and adaptation, as envisioned by SDG 13.
As the poorest and most vulnerable people are affected the most by climate change impacts, SDG 13 calls specifically for raising capacity for climate-change related planning and management in least developed countries.
Monitoring SDG 13 in an EU context focuses on progress made in climate mitigation efforts, in reducing climate impacts and in supporting climate action.
Conserve and sustainably use the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development
SDG 14 aims to conserve oceans by ensuring their sustainable use. This includes the safeguarding of marine and coastal ecosystems, conserving at least 10 % of coastal and marine areas as well as preventing and reducing marine pollution and the impacts of ocean acidification.
The conservation and sustainable use of oceans, seas and marine resources also requires an end to overfishing, destructive and/or illegal fishing practices and the abolition of fisheries subsidies, which contribute to overcapacity and overfishing.
SDG 14 seeks to increase economic benefits to small-island developing states and least developed countries from the sustainable use of marine resources and to provide access for small-scale artisanal fishers to marine resources and markets. It also highlights the importance of increasing scientific knowledge, research capacity and marine technology for improving ocean health.
Monitoring SDG 14 in an EU context focuses on progress made in advancing marine conservation, in fostering sustainable fishery and in ensuring healthy oceans.
Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss
SDG 15 seeks to protect, restore and promote the conservation and sustainable use of terrestrial, inland water and mountain ecosystems. This includes efforts and financial resources to sustainably manage forests and halt deforestation, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, halt biodiversity loss and protect threatened species.
SDG 15 also calls for sharing the benefits from the utilisation of genetic resource and promoting access to such resources as well as reducing the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems. Integration of ecosystem and biodiversity values into planning processes and poverty reduction strategies and international cooperation for combating poaching and trafficking of protected species are also seen as a priority for protecting life on land.
Monitoring SDG 15 in an EU context focuses on progress made in improving the status of ecosystems, in decelerating land degradation and in preserving biodiversity.
Promote peaceful and inclusive societies for sustainable development, provide access to justice for all and build effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels
SDG 16 intends peaceful and inclusive societies based on respect for human rights, protection of the most vulnerable, the rule of law and good governance at all levels. It also envisions transparent, effective and accountable institutions, which promote non-discriminatory laws and policies, combat corruption, bribery and organised crime and prevent violence, terrorism and crime.
SDG 16 calls for responsive, inclusive, participatory and representative decision-making, with an enhanced role of developing countries in institutions of global governance.
Monitoring SDG 16 in an EU context focuses on progress made in ensuring peace and personal security, in promoting access to justice and in increasing trust in EU institutions.
Strengthen the means of implementation and revitalize the Global Partnership for Sustainable Development
SDG 17 calls for a universal, rules-based, open, non-discriminatory and equitable multilateral trading system under WTO and the implementation of duty-free and quota-free market access for all least developed countries.
It also highlights the importance of global macroeconomic stability and support to developing countries in attaining long-term debt sustainability. Enhanced support to developing countries to increase the availability of quality statistical data and develop measures of progress on the SDGs is also seen essential for delivering on the sustainable development objectives.
Monitoring SDG 17 in an EU context focuses on progress made in strengthening global partnership and in improving the financial governance in the EU.
You can download the data for all indicators in a compressed file (ZIP), which contains the data files for each indicator as well as the indicator index, in CSV format.
You can also download the data from each indicator's page.
Available tables [+]
- Goal 1: No poverty
- Goal 2: Zero hunger
- Goal 3: Good health and well-being
- Goal 4: Quality education
- Goal 5: Gender equality
- Goal 6: Clean water and sanitation
- Goal 7: Affordable and clean energy
- Goal 8: Decent work and economic growth
Goal 9: Industry, innovation and infrastructure
- Gross internal expenditure on R&D in relation to GDP (09.10)
- R&D personnel in relation to the active population (09.30)
- Patent applications to the European Patent Office (09.40)
- Share of rail and inland waterways in total freight transport (09.60)
- Tertiary educational attainment (04.20)
- Replaced indicators
- Goal 10: Reduced inequalities
- Goal 11: Sustainable cities and communities
- Goal 12: Responsible consumption and production
- Goal 13: Climate action
- Goal 14: Life below water
- Goal 15: Life on land
- Goal 16: Peace, justice and strong institutions
- Goal 17: Partnerships for the goals