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Government support to agricultural research and development (2.30)

Government support to agricultural research and development Million EUR
Catalonia Spain European Union-27
2019 16.8 449.0 2,892.6
2018 32.0 434.0 2,825.6
2017 20.0 397.9 2,721.6
Source Catalonia: Ministry of Science and Innovation. Source Spain and European Union: Eurostat.

Last update: April 8, 2021.

Methodological note

The indicator refers to Government Budget Appropriations or Outlays on R&D (GBAORD). GBAORD data measure government support to research and development (R&D) activities, or, in other words, how much priority governments place on the public funding of R&D. GBAORD data are built up using the guidelines laid out in the proposed standard practice for surveys of research and experimental development, the OECD’s Frascati Manual from 2015.

In the case of the Catalonia indicator, the source is the budgets of the General State Administration (including public research bodies and other autonomous bodies and state agencies) and the budgets of the autonomous communities (including the dependent bodies that are part of the consolidated budgets). These include appropriations from expenditure policy 46 "Research, development and innovation" and equivalents in the autonomous communities, as well as R&D appropriations from other expenditure policies.