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Long-term unemployment rate. By sex Total
Catalonia Spain European Union-27
2020 3.6 .. ..
2019 4.1 5.3 2.8
2018 4.7 6.4 3.2
2017 6.3 7.7 3.8
2016 8.5 9.5 4.4
2015 10.4 11.4 5.0
2014 11.5 12.9 5.5
2013 12.2 13.0 5.5
2012 11.0 11.0 4.9
2011 8.9 8.9 4.3
2010 7.4 7.3 4.0
2009 3.9 4.3 3.1
2008 1.5 2.0 2.8
2007 1.3 1.7 3.3
2006 1.3 1.8 4.1
2005 1.5 2.2 4.5
Units: Percentage.
Source Catalonia: Idescat, based on the INE's Active Population Survey. Source Spain and European Union: Eurostat.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.

Last update: February 18, 2021.

Statistics EPA

Methodological note

The indicator measures the share of the economically active population aged 15 to 74 who has been unemployed for 12 months or more. In the case of Catalonia and Spain, the active population (numerator) is 16 to 74 years of age.

Unemployed persons are defined as all persons who were without work during the reference week, were currently available for work and were either actively seeking work in the last four weeks or had already found a job to start within the next three months. The unemployment period is defined as the duration of a job search, or as the length of time since the last job was held (if shorter than the time spent on a job search).

The economically active population comprises employed and unemployed persons.

Data stem from the EU Labour Force Survey (EU-LFS). In the case of Catalonia and Spain, it is in the INE’s Labour Force Survey integrated.