People at risk of poverty or social exclusion

People at risk of poverty or social exclusion 2017
Value % over total
Catalonia 1,754 23.8
Spain 12,236 26.6
Eurozone 73,947 (e) 22.1 (e)
European Union 112,917 (e) 22.5 (e)
Units: Thousands of persons.
Source Catalonia: Idescat. Source Spain, eurozone and European Union: Eurostat.
(e) Estimated value.

Date published: June 21, 2018. Revised series on December 5, 2018.

Methodological note

This indicator corresponds to the sum of persons who are at risk of poverty or severely materially deprived or living in households with very low work intensity. Persons are only counted once even if they are present in several sub-indicators.

The indicator of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion includes three sub-indicators:

  • People living in households with very low work intensity.
  • People at risk of poverty after social transfers.
  • Severely materially deprived people.

People living in households with very low work intensity are those aged 0–59 living in households where the adults (aged 18–59) work less than 20% of their total work potential during the past year.

People at risk of poverty after social transfers are persons with an equivalised disposable income below the risk-of-poverty threshold, which is set at 60 % of the national median equivalised disposable income (after social transfers). In the case of Catalonia, the threshold is set at 60% of the median equivalised disposable income of Catalan population (after social transfers).

Severely materially deprived persons have living conditions severely constrained by a lack of resources, they experience at least 4 out of 9 following deprivations items. They cannot afford:

  • to pay rent or utility bills
  • keep home adequately warm
  • face unexpected expenses
  • eat meat, fish or a protein equivalent every second day
  • a week holiday away from home
  • a car
  • a washing machine
  • a colour TV
  • a telephone

The Europe 2020 strategy promotes social inclusion, in particular through the reduction of poverty, by aiming to lift at least 20 million people out of the risk of poverty and social exclusion.

The data of Catalonia comes from the Survey on Living Conditions. This is a statistical operation carried out annually by the INE, whereupon Idescat performs a specific analysis of the results for Catalonia.

From 2016, as the result of an agreement signed with the INE to improve this statistic, Idescat carries out its own field work to extend the Survey with information from ore than 1,700 households; this means that the sample now includes more than 3,000 households and 7,300 individuals. The main objective of this extension is to improve the statistical validity of the results.

After 2013, the data related to the household income from the Survey on Living Conditions has been assembled using a mixed methodology that combines the information provided by the interviewee and the administrative records of the Tax Agency and Social Security.

Available tables [+]

See also

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