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Human resources in science and technology

Human resources in science and technology (HRST)
Catalonia Spain European Union-27
2020 50.8 47.8 48.0
2019 50.4 46.5 46.9
2018 48.7 45.1 46.0
2017 47.4 44.3 45.1
2016 46.2 43.4 44.4
2015 45.3 42.7 43.7
2014 44.7 (b) 42.2 (b) 43.0 (b)
2013 42.2 41.2 42.3
2012 40.3 40.4 41.6
2011 40.1 (b) 40.1 (b) 40.9 (b)
2010 40.0 39.6 40.0
2009 38.6 38.8 39.4
2008 38.2 38.9 38.9
2007 38.4 39.4 38.3
2006 38.9 38.9 (b) 37.8
2005 40.4 38.9 (b) 37.2 (b)
Units: Percentage.
Source Catalonia: Idescat, based on the INE's Active Population Survey. Source Spain and European Union: Eurostat.
(b) Break in time series.

Last update: October 1, 2021.

Statistics EPA

Methodological note

The indicator measures human resources in science and technology (HRST) as a share of the active population in the age group 25-64. HRST encompasses people who have successfully completed tertiary education or who are employed in science and technology occupations where such education level is normally required. HRST are measured mainly using the concepts and definitions laid down in the Canberra Manual.