In 2016, the mean annual net income stood at 31,411 euros per household and 12,712 euros per person, figures 0.2% and 0.4% higher than in the previous year, according to Survey on Living Conditions.
The at-risk-of poverty rate stood at 20.0% in 2017 (with 2016 income data), a figure eight tenths higher than that of the previous year. By age, the highest at-risk-of-poverty rate was to be found among people under 16 years of age (28.5%), followed by people aged 16 to 64 (19.0%) and people above 65 years of age (15.5%). Depending on the composition of the household, the highest at-risk-of-poverty rates were recorded in single-parent homes (35.3%); however, the rate for this type of household decreased by 5.1 points in comparison with the previous year. Other households with high rates were single-person homes (27.6%) and those made up of two adults with one or more dependent children (22.3%).
The at-risk-of-poverty threshold rose by 0.4% compared with the previous year, standing at 10,097 euros in the case of single-person households and 21,203 in that of households with two adults and two children.
The at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate (AROPE rate) was 23.8% in 2017, whereas it stood at 22.5% in the previous year. This increase can be attributed to the upturn in the at-risk-of-poverty rate, which went up from 19.2% in 2016 to 20.0% in 2017 and the rise in low work intensity households, which went up from 7.2% in 2016 to 8.8% in 2017. In contrast, the proportion of homes in a situation of severe material deprivation fell, from 5.5% in 2016 to 5.0% in 2017.
In addition, the household deprivation level indicators, which include subjective aspects of living conditions, gave out a signal contrary to the income distribution indicator, as they reflected improvements set against the previous year. Thus, for example, the number of people who declared that they found it difficult to make ends meet accounted for 7.0% of the population in 2017, in comparison with the figure of 12.7% the previous year.
The Survey on Living Conditions (ECV) measures the occurrence and composition of poverty by establishing a risk of poverty threshold. In addition, it provides information on the personal income distribution based on annual net income. Furthermore, it contains data on what hardships households experience, as well as housing conditions and a harmonised indicator of the risk of poverty or social exclusion. The results of these statistics are produced annually for Catalonia as a whole. As with the 2016 Survey on Living Conditions, Idescat provides expanded results from the 2017 Survey, conducted in partnership with the INE. In addition, Idescat has cooperated with the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Families, the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona, Barcelona City Council and the Institute of Regional and Metropolitan Studies of Barcelona.