In 2017, the Metropolitan Area (32,861.90 euros) and El Penedès (32,056.20 euros) were the territorial areas with the highest average net incomes per household and were the only ones which stood above the Catalan average (31,410.80 euros), according to the Survey on Living Conditions (territorial results).
The social protection system reduces the differences in income between the different territories. The average annual net income per consumption unit (equivalence which converts the number of members residing in the household into a number of consumption units) in the Metropolitan Area before transfers stood at 6.8% above the Catalan average, while after transfers it stood at 5.2% above the average. As for the average annual net income per consumption unit in L’Alt Pirineu i Aran, it stood at 57.6% of the Catalan average before transfers and 73.1% of the Catalan average after transfers.
20% of the Catalan population lay below the at-risk-of-poverty threshold which, in 2017, stood at 10,054 euros in the case of single-person households and 21,114 euros in that of households with two adults and two children. The at-risk-of-poverty rate stood at 19.2% in the whole of the Metropolitan Area and, within this Area, the rate in the city of Barcelona stood at 11.9%. The rate stood at 15.2% in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona (AMB) and at 27.1% in the Metropolitan Area without including the AMB.
In 2017, the at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate (AROPE rate) stood at 23.8%. With regard to territorial information, the AROPE rate was higher in the non-metropolitan areas as a whole (26.6%) and in the Metropolitan Area without including the AMB (30.0%). Finally, calculated upon the basis of the income threshold for the whole of Catalonia, the AROPE rate of the AMB stood at 18.8%, that of Barcelona at 15.3% and that of the rest of the AMB at 22.0%.
With respect to privations, 49.7% of the population declared that they had difficulty in making ends meet in 2017. The only territorial areas lying below this average were the Girona Counties (37.1%), L’Alt Pirineu i Aran (41.7%) and the Metropolitan Area (49.4%). The municipality of Barcelona (48.8%) also stood slightly below the Catalan average.
For the first time, Idescat has calculated the sampling error of the territorial estimates of the main variables of the Survey on Living Conditions (average net income per household, average net income per person, average net income per consumption unit and at-risk-of-poverty rate).
The Survey on Living Conditions measures the occurrence and composition of poverty by means of establishing a poverty risk threshold. In addition, it provides information on personal income distribution based on annual net income. Furthermore, it provides data on housing deprivation, as well as housing conditions and a harmonised indicator of the risk of poverty or social exclusion. This is an annual statistic, aligned with the European context and jointly drawn up by Idescat and the INE (National Statistics Institute). From 2016, Idescat carries out a sample extension which allows to obtain the dissemination of more reliable results for Catalonia, and estimates of the main indicators for the territorial areas, Barcelona Metropolitan Area and municipality of Barcelona. This operation is carried out in cooperation with the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Families, the Barcelona Metropolitan Area, the Barcelona City Council and the Institute of Regional and Metropolitan Studies of Barcelona.