Survey on Living Conditions. 2018
In 2017, the mean annual net income of Catalans stood at 32,763 euros per household and 13,338 euros per person, figures respectively 4.3% and 4.9% higher than in the previous year, according to the Survey on Living Conditions.
The at-risk-of-poverty threshold rose by 8.8% compared with the previous year, standing at 10,981 euros in the case of single-person households in 2018.
The at-risk-of-poverty rate stood at 21.3% in 2018 (with 2017 income data), a figure 1.3 points higher than in the previous year. By sex, the risk of poverty was higher among women (24.1%) than men (18.4%). By age, the highest at-risk-of-poverty rate was to be found among people under 16 years of age (28.0%), followed by people aged 16 to 64 (20.2%) and people above 65 years of age (19.2%). According to the composition of the household, those with increases in their susceptibility to situations of poverty were households with one adult and one or more dependent children (42.9%), single-person households (26.7%) and households made up of two adults with one or more dependent children (25.8%).
In 2018, the at-risk-of-poverty or social exclusion rate (AROPE rate) stood at 24.7%, a figure nine tenths higher than in the previous year. This increase can be attributed to the upturn in the at-risk-of-poverty rate (which increased from 20.0% in 2017 to 21.3% in 2018) and the rise in the proportion of the population in a situation of severe material deprivation (which went up from 5.0% in 2017 to 6.5% in 2018). In contrast, the percentage of low work-intensity households fell with respect to the previous year (from 8.8% to 5.8%).
The most frequent deprivations expressed by Catalans in 2018 continued to be an inability to cope with unforeseen expenses totalling 700 euros (28.3%) and not being able to afford one week’s holiday per year (27.2%), although these figures displayed improvements in comparison with the previous year (by 3.6 and 2.5 points, respectively). In contrast, other deprivations increased, such as not being able to maintain the home at a suitable temperature (from 6.3% to 8.8%).
As for the population with difficulties in making ends meet each month, 8.5% found it very difficult, 16.1% difficult and 28.1% quite difficult, figures that accounted for 52.7% of the population in 2018 but only 49.6% in 2017.