Research and Development. 2017. Extended results. Definitive data
With the dissemination of definitive data from the Statistics on research and development activities 2017, Idescat also presents, for the first time, expanded results of in-house R&D expenditure and personnel by sectors.The data from the Public Administration is broken down by types of agency; higher education's data is broken down by type of institution and the data for companies, by economic activity sector (agriculture, industry, construction and services), size (number of people employed) and type of company.
Expenditure on in-house R&D conducted in Catalonia was 3,275.8 million euros in 2017, according to definitive results, a figure which was an increase of 5.6% from the expenditure in the previous year. This figure accounts for 1.47% of GDP, compared with 1.45% in 2016. By sectors of performance, companies accounted for 58.6% of expenditure on in-house R&D, higher education for 22.1%, the Public Administration accounted for 18.9% and, in last place, private non-profit sector (PNP) accounted for the remaining 0.4%.
Funding of in-house R&D expenditure allocated in Catalonia comes mainly from the corporate sector (57.2%) and the Public Administration (30.8%). The rest of the funds come from the following sectors: 4.1% from higher education, 1.5% from PNP, and 6.5% from the rest of the world. By sectors of performance, funding for in-house R&D expenditure of the Public Administration and higher education came mostly from the Public Administration (71.8% and 66.7%, respectively). With regard to corporates, almost all funding of in-house R&D expenditure came from the corporate sector itself (92.2%), whilst the funding of PNP was highly diverse.
In terms of employed persons, in-house R&D activities carried out in Catalonia employed a total of 48,552.4 people in full-time equivalent (FTE) employment, a figure that is 4.2% higher than the one for 2016. By occupation types, 59.6% were researchers, 29.9% were technicians and the remaining 10.5% were support staff. 42.0% of the total personnel in FTE employment assigned to these R&D activities were women, while the proportion of women among research staff was 39.4%. By sectors of performance, the highest percentages of female participation were in the sector of the Public Administration and PNP, with 53.5% in both cases. In the higher education and corporate sectors, this figure was 47.6% and 33.3%, respectively.