Survey on Language Uses of the Population. 2018. Municipality of Barcelona and other territorial results
For the first time, Idescat and the General Directorate for Language Policy are presenting an extension of the territorial results contained in the Survey on Language Uses of the Population 2018 for the Metropolitan Area. Data are provided for the city of Barcelona, L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, El Barcelonès Nord, El Baix Llobregat (in two territorial divisions), El Vallès Occidental, El Vallès Oriental and El Maresme. Information on L'Alt Pirineu is also provided.
This territorial breakdown complements the one published on 8 July 2019, which provided tables for the whole of Catalonia, the areas of the territorial Plan and Aran.
78.3% of the population declare that they can speak Catalan in the city of Barcelona and 62.1% do so in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat. El Vallès Oriental is the county with the highest figure (84.8%) in the Metropolitan Area.
81.2% of the population aged 15 and older can speak Catalan throughout Catalonia. The data presented highlight that the only area that lies below the Catalan average is the Metropolitan Area (78.4%). With regard to the other territorial areas, L'Alt Pirineu i Aran is the one with the highest level (90.4%).
Within the Metropolitan Area, only the counties of El Vallès Oriental and El Maresme lie above the above-mentioned average (84.8% and 84.1%, respectively). Below lie El Vallès Occidental (80.6%), El Baix Llobregat (77.3%) and El Barcelonès (75.7%).
The use of Catalan displays considerable diversity within the territory: 36.1% of people consider that Catalan is their usual language throughout Catalonia while 29.3% do so in the city of Barcelona and 11.9% do so in L'Hospitalet de Llobregat. At the other end of the scale, the respective percentages for Les Terres de l'Ebre and L'Alt Pirineu are 72.2% and 65.7%.
If, as well as those who consider that Catalan is their usual language, we also count those who say they regularly use both Catalan and Spanish, the percentages are as follows: 43.5% for Catalonia, 37.9% for Barcelona, 19.1% for L'Hospitalet de Llobregat, 76.6% for Les Terres de l'Ebre and 72.4% for L'Alt Pirineu.