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Labour Cost Statistics. Q2/2021

The labour cost per worker and month stood at 2,967.78 euros in Catalonia in the second quarter of 2021, 16.2% more than in the same quarter of 2020. For specific sectors, the labour cost per worker and month in the ICT sector was 4,582.20 euros, 4.2% more than a year ago, while the culture sector stood at 3,518.34 euros, with a year-over-year increase of 19.5%. The tourism sector increased by 45.3% compared to the same quarter of 2020, with a labour cost of 1,866.29 euros per worker and month. Within the tourism sector, the highest labour cost was recorded by the tourism transport subsector (3,575.42 euros). Within the culture sector, the audiovisual and advertising subsector recorded the highest labour cost (3,912.36 euros). It should be noted that this year's quarterly comparisons are made to the second quarter of 2020, a period when the effects of the pandemic were very pronounced in the workplace.

The wage cost per worker and month increased by 18.6% in Catalonia and reached 2,229.06 euros. The wage cost in the ICT sector was 3,581.12 euros (4.7% year-over-year increase), in the culture sector was 2,700.67 (+21.8%) and in tourism sector was 1,386.86 euros (+59.3%).

By effective hour, the labour cost was 23.38 euros, and the wage cost 17.56 euros. In the analysed specific sectors, ICT sector had the highest effective wage cost per hour (24.02 euros), followed by the cultural (20.83 euros) and tourism (13.88 euros) sectors.

Finally, the number of job vacancies was 27,917, 123.8% less than a year ago, and the service sector accounts for 87.8% of these job vacancies.

The evolution of the different sections of activity reflects the degree of impact of the exceptional situation derived from the health crisis and the measures applied to contain it. In general, during the second quarter of 2021 the incidence of temporary employment regulations (ERTOS) has been lower in all economic activities, causing an increase in wage costs and, to a lesser extent, other costs, as a result of exemptions in workers' social security contributions. who have rejoined the activity from an ERTO. On the other hand, the hours actually worked have increased more than the costs in all economic activities that were most affected by the ERTOS, and the cost per hour worked has decreased. Workers covered by an ERTO belong to the workforce of companies, but their remuneration does not come from salaries, but from benefits provided directly by SEPE and, in some cases, supplemented by the companies themselves. In addition, the social security contributions paid by the employer of these workers, as well as those who rejoin the activity, are exempt.