Economically Active Population Survey. Q4/2021
The employed population in Catalonia grew by 4.7% year-over-year in the fourth quarter of 2021 and stood at 3,498,100 people. In absolute numbers, the year-over-year increase is 157,600 people. In relation to the third quarter of 2021, there was an increase of 18,700 people employed (0.5%).
By sectors, if employment is compared in year-over-year terms, growth in the employed population was led by the services sector (137,500 people; 5.5%), followed by agriculture (15,800 people; 36.5%) and industry (8,200 people; 1.4%). By contrast, construction decreased by 4,000 people (−1.9%). Compared with the previous quarter, the employed population also grew in services (28,900 people; 1.1%) and agriculture (3,900 people, 7.0%), while there was a fall in employment in construction (−13,100 people; −6.1%) and industry (−1,000 people; −0.2%).
By sex, in year-over-year terms, employment grew more among women (5.7%) than men (3.8%). Compared with the third quarter of the year, employment grew for women (1.2%), while it fell for men (−0.1%). By age, the most intense growth in employment compared with the previous year occurred among the population aged 16 to 24 (16.5%). Employment in this group decreased compared with the previous quarter (−11.0%). The employed population aged 25 to 54 and 55 and over showed year-over-year growth of 4.0% and quarter-over-quarter growth of 1.5% and 1.1%, respectively.
By type of working day, in year-over-year terms, full-time employment grew (7.3%), while part-time employment decreased (−10.9%). Among the employed salaried population by type of contract, temporary contracts grew by 7.2%, while indefinite contracts did so by 4.9%.
The unemployment rate stood at 10.16%, below that of the fourth quarter of 2019 (10.45%) and the lowest since 2008. The unemployed people stood at 395,400 people (142,500 less than the previous year; a decrease of 26.5%). By sex, women's unemployment decreased by 21.7% year-over-year (with an unemployment rate of 11.53%) and men's unemployment fell by 31.6% (with a rate of 8.86%). By age, there was a notable decrease in unemployment in the 16 to 24 and 25 to 54 age groups (−29.1% in both cases), followed by the 55 or older age group (−4.6%). Compared with the previous quarter, the unemployed population decreased by 31,300 people (−7.3%).
With regard to specific sectors, the employed population working in the cultural sector stood at 193,500 people (5.5% of total employment) and grew by 9.9% year-over-year and by 1.6% compared with the previous quarter. By sex, the cultural sector employed 115,800 men and 77,800 women.
In the tourism sector, the employed population was 421,200 people, accounting for 12.0% of total employment. This figure represents a decrease of 7.7% compared with the third quarter of 2021 and an increase of 5.8% compared with the same quarter of the previous year. By sex, this sector employed 231,700 men and 189,500 women.
The ICT sector employed 113,600 people at the end of the fourth quarter of 2021 (11.9% less than in the same period the year before and 0.4% less than in the previous quarter), accounting for 3.2% of total employment.