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Consumer price index (CPI). By expenditure groups. Rate of change

Consumer Price Index (CPI). Annual averages. 2016-2020 By expenditure groups. Rate of change
2016 2017 2018 2019 2020
Annual average index 0.1 2.2 1.8 0.9 -0.4
Food and non-alcoholic beverages 1.7 1.7 2.0 1.6 2.4
Alc. beverages and tobacco 0.4 1.6 1.8 0.9 0.7
Clothes and footwear 0.7 0.6 0.9 1.0 1.0
Housing -3.6 3.2 2.4 -1.0 -3.4
Household items 1.0 0.3 0.5 1.1 0.5
Medicine 0.2 1.2 0.8 0.9 0.0
Transport -2.0 4.7 3.9 0.7 -4.2
Communications 2.5 1.2 2.1 0.7 -1.3
Leisure and culture -0.6 1.6 -0.1 -0.2 -0.5
Teaching 1.1 0.9 0.7 1.2 -0.2
Hotels, cafes and restaurants 1.3 2.2 1.9 2.2 1.0
Others 2.0 1.5 1.2 1.9 1.5
Units: Per cent (Base 2016 = 100).
Source: INE.
Note: To update the incomes we use the year-over-year variation rate for the two years we wish to compare, which can be viewed in the CPI Consumer Price Index.
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