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In-house R&D expenditure. By sectors performance

In-house R&D expenditure. 2013-2017 By sectors performance
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Expenditure on R&D (M€) 2,960.6 2,937.7 3,106.8 3,103.4 3,275.8
Public Administration 596.6 591.3 605.0 599.3 619.8
Higher education 681.3 666.3 714.9 709.0 723.0
Businesses and PNP (1) 1,682.7 1,680.1 1,786.8 1,795.1 1,933.0
Expenditure over GDP (%) 1.53 1.49 1.51 1.45 1.47
Public Administration 0.31 0.30 0.29 0.28 0.28
Higher education 0.35 0.34 0.35 0.33 0.32
Businesses and PNP (1) 0.87 0.85 0.87 0.84 0.87
Source: Idescat, based on data from the INE's Statistics on R&D activities.
(1) Private non-profit sector.
Note: The data for the last four years are provisional.
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