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Definition of concepts

Internal expenditure on R&D
Quantities spent on the finance of R&D activities that take place within the research unit or centre.
Intensity of R&D
Percentage of turnover that companies spend on research and development.

Methodological aspects

The data of the effort in Catalonia in research and technological development (R&D) come from the Statistics on activities in scientific research and technological development carried out by the INE annually. In order to facilitate the comparability with other countries of the European Union, the methodology used in this statistics follows the one proposed by the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), reflected in the Frascati Manual.

The scientific research and the technological development include the set of creative and original works that are undertaken in a systematic and/or sporadic way in order to increase the volume of the knowledge, including the knowledge of the man, the culture and the society, as well as the utilization of this knowledge to conceive new applications.

The R&D statistics is a census statistics in the public administration, higher education, non-profit private institutions (IPSAL) and a sample statistics in the company sector.

To calculate the effort in R&D in Catalonia mainly the expenditure on R&D carried out in the surveyed unit (internal expenditure), and the staff who is destined for this purpose in full-time equivalent (EDP) are measured. This information is provided by execution sectors.

The expenditure is presented in current euros and in percentage with respect to the GDP, and breaks down in current expenditure (compensations and other current expenses) and in capital expenditure. It also classifies according to the source of the funds destined to R&D.

The calculation of the staff in full-time equivalent takes into account the staff who works full time on R&D activities and the sum of fractions of time dedicated to R&D activities of the staff in part-time on R&D. The information is provided for the total of the staff and for the women and breaks down in three categories: research, technical and support staff.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".