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Technological Innovation. Expenditures. By innovative activity

Technological Innovation. Expenditures. 2013-2017 By innovative activity
2013 2014 2015 2016 2017
Expenditure in technological innovation in Catalonia 3,095,168 3,118,847 3,324,467 3,367,177 3,766,425
Expenditure per innovative activity (%)
Internal R&D 53.7 53.0 51.2 50.3 48.8
External R&D 19.9 24.0 24.2 22.5 20.3
Machinery and equipment 14.0 11.7 13.0 16.7 19.0
Programs and others 2.7 2.7 2.7 2.4 3.1
Training, marketing and design 9.7 8.4 9.0 8.2 8.8
Innovation intensity (%) (1)
Total companies 1.00 1.10 1.00 0.98 1.11
Companies with innovative activities in the reference year 2.20 2.30 2.20 2.12 2.11
Companies with internal R&D activities in the reference year 2.50 2.60 2.50 2.36 2.57
Units: Thousands of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the INE's Survey of innovation in companies.
Note: Innovation intensity: Expenditure in innovative activities / turnover (*100)
(1) Companies with head offices in Catalonia.
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