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Definition of concepts

Voluntary care
Educational intervention initiated, by request of the minor, when the judicial measure terminates, in an open environment or in a centre, to complete the training programme provided.
Minor (as understood by the General Direction of Penal Execution in the Community and Youth Justice)
Minor that has committed actions qualified in the Penal code as offences or misdemeanours and has been placed at the disposition of the minors' court or other penal jurisdiction organs, which have imposed an educational measure that must be applied in an open environment or in internment centres.

Methodological aspects

In accordance with the provisions of Decree 194/2013, dated 9 July, on the restructuring of the Ministry of Justice, the General Administration of the Juvenile Justice Criminal Enforcement system is in charge of upholding the procedures foreseen by the legal system concerning the social actions of adolescents aged 14 to 18 years old.

The procedures applicable to young adults and adolescents who agree to said interventions can be classified into 4 spheres of action:

1. Specialist counselling: It provides the actors involved in legal proceedings with the information established by law concerning minors' psychological, educational and family situations, as well as their social environment and, in general, any other relevant circumstance. Taking these variables into consideration, assessment is provided to judicial authorities so that said elements may be taken into account in their rulings.

2. Mediation and redress: The goal driving this process is to help the offender and the victim reach an agreement and resolve the conflict caused by the criminal offence. The objective is the solve conflicts out-of-court between, with the guidance of a mediator who adheres to the criminal-law framework and establishes the offence, the victim and the offender.

3. Judicial measures in an open environment: They are the measures provided for in Organic Law 5/2000, dated 5 June, on minors' criminal responsibility from a standpoint of non-incarceration. They are carried out in the minors and young adults' social and family environment, which allows them to continue with they socialisation process and pursue/improve their bonds and existing relationships.

4. Internment: A measure involving deprivation of liberty, which forces minors or young adults to stay in an educational or therapeutic facility, or in their own home, for the extent of time established by a court ruling.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".