Skip to main content
Gross Domestic Product. By components of the demand. At current prices Catalonia
GDP Domestic demand Household consumer expenditure Public administration consumer expenditure (1) Gross capital formation (2) (GFCF) (Capital goods and others) (GFCF) (Construction) External balance (3) (4) Foreign balance (4) Total exports Exports of goods and services Foreign consumption in the territory Total imports Imports of goods and services National residents consumption abroad
2021 244,172 212,810 121,787 44,885 46,138 26,009 19,241 31,362 13,861 90,042 84,863 5,178 76,180 74,270 1,910
2020 225,055 197,536 113,781 42,119 41,636 22,684 18,676 27,519 10,930 74,450 70,986 3,464 63,519 61,813 1,706
2019 251,417 216,133 129,507 40,196 46,430 25,436 20,365 35,284 17,962 97,727 81,681 16,045 79,765 75,110 4,655
2018 242,434 209,968 126,739 38,374 44,854 25,196 19,165 32,466 15,835 94,297 78,949 15,348 78,462 74,132 4,330
2017 232,187 200,509 121,847 37,367 41,294 24,005 16,882 31,678 18,748 90,756 76,355 14,400 72,007 68,566 3,441
2016 222,514 191,693 116,839 36,642 38,212 22,148 15,248 30,821 19,142 84,608 71,372 13,236 65,466 62,674 2,792
2015 213,746 186,512 114,219 36,101 36,192 21,125 14,331 27,234 17,140 82,014 69,354 12,660 64,874 62,290 2,584
2014 204,896 177,089 110,370 33,694 33,025 19,141 13,685 27,807 15,524 78,456 65,979 12,477 62,932 60,602 2,330
2013 201,531 173,260 108,006 33,383 31,871 18,383 13,602 28,271 16,061 76,798 64,913 11,885 60,737 58,574 2,163
2012 201,768 180,175 112,251 33,934 33,989 18,631 15,520 21,593 12,314 74,119 63,763 10,356 61,804 59,781 2,023
2011 208,341 188,611 113,778 35,793 39,041 18,947 19,864 19,730 7,491 70,133 60,426 9,707 62,643 60,922 1,721
2010 208,593 192,717 112,823 36,412 43,482 20,187 22,892 15,876 3,393 62,956 53,846 9,110 59,563 57,670 1,893
2009 206,813 193,972 110,914 36,198 46,861 19,736 26,065 12,841 3,044 55,504 46,893 8,611 52,460 50,669 1,791
2008 216,220 208,342 116,861 33,361 58,120 23,511 33,716 7,878 -4,592 65,807 56,627 9,180 70,399 68,082 2,317
2007 212,244 204,508 114,152 30,231 60,125 23,756 35,189 7,736 -9,505 64,758 55,666 9,092 74,264 71,789 2,474
2006 199,153 189,235 106,473 27,284 55,478 21,039 33,236 9,918 -8,714 61,084 52,347 8,738 69,798 67,507 2,291
2005 183,581 172,848 99,419 24,810 48,619 18,778 29,128 10,733 -8,646 55,430 47,144 8,286 64,076 61,824 2,252
2004 169,931 158,834 92,225 22,644 43,966 17,070 25,659 11,097 -7,290 51,131 43,393 7,738 58,421 56,581 1,841
2003 156,673 145,613 84,936 20,446 40,231 16,073 22,992 11,060 -4,080 48,901 41,710 7,191 52,980 51,389 1,591
2002 145,947 135,400 80,033 18,667 36,700 15,074 20,469 10,546 -2,765 48,737 41,652 7,085 51,502 50,032 1,470
2001 136,952 126,140 74,722 17,131 34,287 14,924 18,356 10,812 -3,164 47,881 40,743 7,138 51,046 49,461 1,585
2000 127,605 117,546 69,894 15,832 31,820 14,372 16,329 10,060 -5,444 44,160 37,382 6,778 49,604 48,230 1,374
Units: Milions of euros (2019 Benchmark revision).
Source: Idescat. Annual economic accounts in Catalonia.
Note: (p) Provisional data.
(1) Includes the expenditure consumption by non-profit making institutions at the service of households.
(2) Includes the gross fixed capital formation (GFCF) and the stock variation.
(3) Includes the foreign trade balance and the trade balance with the rest of Spain.
(4) The annual variation in the volume of the balances is expressed as a contribution to the growth of the GDP.

Methodological note

Definition of concepts

Consumption by public administrations
Expenditure by public administrations to satisfy collective needs.
Household consumption
Expenditure by households to satisfy individual needs. Does not include, therefore, the value of goods and services consumed by households but financed by other institutional sectors such as public administrations.
Domestic demand
Variable resulting from adding end consumption and the gross capital formation. It includes the part of the total demand that is produced and destined to the units that act on the territory.
Export and import of goods abroad
Includes all goods that leave or enter the territory that are of foreign destination or origin, and also all services provided between resident and non residents units, such as transport, insurance and those associated with tourism.
Gross capital formation or investment
Value of the durable goods acquired by production units for use for more than one year in production processes. This variable groups three components: investment in construction, investment in equipment assets and inventory variation. Adding the two former items constitutes gross fixed capital formation.
Current prices
Economic measure of a variable at a specific moment that reflects increases due to real variation and variations in price.
Gross domestic product (GDP)
Valuation of the final result of the production activity of a territory. It is calculated on the basis of the total production of goods and services, subtracting intermediate consumption and adding net taxes applied to products.

Methodological aspects

Gross Domestic Product (GDP) measures the final result of the production activity of the production units in a territory. There are three vantage points for analysing GDP: supply, demand and income. From the standpoint of supply, GDP makes it possible to evaluate the contributions made by the different productive branches to the economy as a whole (gross added value of agriculture, industry, construction and services). In order to conduct the analysis from the standpoint of the end-use of the goods and services produced (consumption, investment, external sector), GDP calculated from the demand side is used. Finally, from the income standpoint GDP makes it possible to give a breakdown of the contribution made by the productive factors to production: compensation of wage-earners (labour), gross operating surplus (capital) and mixed income.

The variables that are included in the GDP in terms of supply are the following:

  • Agriculture (which includes agriculture, animal, forestry and fishing).
  • Industry and manufacturing industry.
  • Construction.
  • Services (branches of NACE 2009 revisión 2. G, H and I: Trade, accommodation, financial and other services; Public adm., education, health and social services; Real state, professional and other activities).
  • Gross value added.
  • Net taxes on products.

Detailed results on forty-four activity branches can be found in Annual economic accounts for Catalonia.

The variables included in the GDP from the perspective of demand are:

  • Household consumer expenditure.
  • Public administration consumer expenditure (which includes the non-profit institutions serving households consumer.
  • The gross capital formation (disaggregated between capital goods and other assets and construction, which also includes variation in stocks).
  • Exports and imports of goods and services.
  • The external balance (the result of the aggregation of the foreign balance and the balance with the rest of Spain).

The balances associated to foreign trade are presented as contributions and not as growth rates since the extent of their variations would distort the results and make them difficult to understand. Contributions to the growth of GDP are calculated by comparing the increase in each variable with its relative importance for the previous period.

The method used to calculate volume growth is based on a system in which the reference for each year's growth is the structure at current prices of the previous year. This methodological option allows for better calculation of variations in GDP volume, in that it overcomes the obsolescence-related problems concerning the base year's productive structure when said structure differs from the reference year.

Given the different calendar of availability of the magnitudes estimated by the INE and the Idescat and with the end to preserve the temporary congruence of the economic series, the Spanish data update simultaneously to the Catalan data.

The annual estimates based on 2010 GDP and its supply, demand and income components are final for the 2000-2011 period and the estimates of later years are provisional, therefore they are susceptible to be revised. The estimates of 2015 and 2016 are advances taken from short-term indicators.

The Economic Accounts of Catalonia change their accounting base to adopt the year 2010 as new reference. Changes in accounting base in the context of national accounts estimates have a twofold objective.

1. To allow internationally agreed methodological criteria to be updated and standardised. To this end, 2010 saw two relevant changes:

1.1 The processing of research and development activity. According to the European System of Accounts 2010 (ESA 2010), research and development activity may be considered an asset. As such, investment and GDP will increase. Under the previous system, research and development was considered an expense.

1.2 Processing of illegal activities. This is a methodological change introduced in accounting base 2010, but which is not tied to the ESA 2010. Three types of illegal activities have been estimated and published in a differentiated manner: prostitution, drug trafficking and tobacco contraband.

2. To allow statistical changes in estimation sources and methods to be introduced, so as to obtain highly accurate measures of the economic activity generated within a territory. The variables, sources and operational methodology are defined the Economic Accounts of Catalonia, alongside a brief explanation on the problems stemming from linking accounting bases.

The annual estimates of jobs based on 2019 Benchmark revision are final for the 2000-2016 period and the estimates of later years are provisional, therefore they are susceptible to be revised. The estimates of 2018 and 2019 are advances taken from short-term indicators.

The annual estimates correspond to the 2019 GDP Benchmark Revision and its supply, demand and income components. Moreover, the estimates for the last three years (t-1, t-2 and t-3) are provisional; in addition, those for the last two years (t-1 and t-2) are an advance of results basically produced with short-term information, whereas those for year t-3 are produced with structural information.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".