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Protected natural areas Catalonia Value
Number of spaces Total extension protected (Hectares) Terrestrial extension Maritime extension Protected land area over the total land area (%)
2019 184 1,110,213 1,024,576 85,637 31.9
2018 184 1,109,528 1,023,891 85,637 31.9
2017 184 1,105,551 1,019,922 85,629 31.8
2016 184 1,105,676 1,020,047 85,629 31.8
2015 184 1,105,676 1,020,047 85,629 31.8
2014 184 1,105,003 1,018,530 86,473 31.7
2013 164 1,065,783 987,890 77,893 30.8
2012 164 1,065,783 987,890 77,893 30.8
2011 164 1,065,791 987,898 77,893 30.8
2010 164 1,065,791 987,898 77,893 30.8
2009 166 1,054,927 977,108 77,819 30.4
2008 165 1,038,461 960,643 77,818 29.9
2007 165 1,037,920 960,102 77,818 29.9
2006 165 1,037,920 960,102 77,818 29.9
2005 122 590,459 .. .. ..
2004 122 590,459 .. .. ..
2003 122 590,459 .. .. ..
2002 121 560,206 .. .. ..
2001 120 560,206 .. .. ..
2000 119 524,048 .. .. ..
1999 78 329,708 .. .. ..
1998 78 325,313 .. .. ..
1997 54 208,741 .. .. ..
1996 30 166,242 .. .. ..
1993 12 143,543 .. .. ..
Source: Ministry of Territory and Sustainability.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.
Protected natural areas Spain Value
Number of spaces Total extension protected (Hectares) Terrestrial extension Maritime extension Protected land area over the total land area (%)
2019 .. .. .. .. ..
2018 .. .. .. .. ..
2017 .. .. .. .. ..
2016 1,958 7,001,121 6,498,748 502,443 13.0
2015 .. .. .. .. ..
2014 .. .. .. .. ..
2013 1,905 7,025,038 6,535,193 489,845 12.9
2012 .. .. .. .. ..
2011 1,740 6,975,351 6,485,506 489,845 12.8
2010 .. .. .. .. ..
2009 1,684 6,369,300 6,114,405 254,895 12.1
2008 .. .. .. .. ..
2007 1,587 6,203,365 5,952,226 251,139 11.8
2006 .. .. .. .. ..
2005 1,115 5,326,854 .. .. 10.2
2004 .. .. .. .. ..
2003 960 4,668,650 .. .. 9.1
2002 832 3,957,973 .. .. 7.8
2001 .. .. .. .. ..
2000 .. .. .. .. ..
1999 .. 3,466,936 .. .. ..
1998 547 3,157,625 .. .. 6.2
1997 .. .. .. .. ..
1996 .. .. .. .. ..
1993 .. .. .. .. ..
Source: Europarc-Spain.
Note: Spain data are updated every two years.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.

Last update: April 14, 2020.

Statistics PENP

Methodological note

The Protected Natural Areas Plan (PEIN), approved in December 1992 by Decree 328/1992, establishes the guidelines necessary for the basic protection of natural areas, the conservation of which is considered essential in order to ensure the fulfilment of the scientific, environmental, scenic, cultural, social, educational and recreational values these possess. Within these areas, four basic regulations apply:

  • Land use regime of land that cannot be developed
  • Restrictions on sports vehicle traffic
  • Regulation of mining activities in accordance with Law 12/1981
  • Submittal of certain works projects to environmental impact studies

As of 2005 the implementation of the PEIN in Catalonia had resulted in 144 natural interest areas, encompassing 648,065 ha. With the approval of the Catalan proposal for the Nature Network 2000 in September 2006, the PNAP has experienced a significant increase in both the total area and the number of natural areas. The reason for such growth was the incorporation of Special Bird Sanctuaries (SBS) into the PEIN.