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Foreign population on 1 January. By nationality (continents)

Foreign population on 1 January. By nationality (continents) Catalonia. 2023
Value % over total Variation (%)
Total 1,361,981 100.0 10.2
European Union 302,038 22.2 4.7
Rest of Europe 126,870 9.3 24.7
Africa 325,054 23.9 3.0
North and Central America 123,963 9.1 13.4
South America 296,097 21.7 22.4
Asia and Oceania 187,719 13.8 5.0
Stateless 240 0.0 26.3
Units: Persons.
Source: Idescat, based on the INE Annual Population Census.
Note: From 2021, European Union data do not include data for the United Kingdom.
Foreign population on 1 January. By nationality (continents) Spain. 2023
Value % over total Variation (%)
Total 6,089,620 100.0 10.5
European Union 1,686,790 27.7 2.7
Rest of Europe 682,379 11.2 16.7
Africa 1,239,604 20.4 3.8
North and Central America 500,911 8.2 14.2
South America 1,472,780 24.2 26.7
Asia and Oceania 503,152 8.3 4.3
Stateless 4,004 0.1 12.1
Units: Persons.
Source: INE. Annual Population Census.
Note: From 2021, European Union data do not include data for the United Kingdom.

Last update: February 29, 2024.

CENSPH

These statistics have a specific section with all the information available: Population and Housing Census (CENSPH).

Methodological note

The source of this information is the municipal population register of the 1st of January of each year. The municipal population register is an administrative record which each town hall is required to develop, maintain and manage. Their figures stand as proof of having one's residence and household in the municipality, which can be used as proof of residence for any administrative purpose.

The municipal population register is a record of personal data regulated by the Law on Local Matters and by the Law on Data Protection. These data include: full name, sex, place and date of birth, nationality, national ID (DNI) or, for foreigners, the document that stands in for the DNI. Since 1996, the municipal population census is a record that is constantly updated from which official population figures are extracted: the ongoing municipal population census.