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Business Climate Indicators

Business Climate Indicators Catalonia. 4th quarter 2020
Evolution with respect to previous quarter Forecast for the next quarter
Business situation -26.0 -30.5
Industry -16.3 -19.0
Construction -15.8 -25.3
Trade -26.6 -32.6
Hostelry -94.0 -92.6
Rest of services -23.5 -28.0
Level of prices -10.3 -1.3
Industry -9.6 3.2
Construction -13.8 -10.8
Trade -4.0 4.3
Hostelry -35.5 -21.7
Rest of services -9.3 -1.5
Number of employees -11.2 -11.9
Industry -5.6 -8.1
Construction -3.4 -13.2
Trade -7.8 -12.5
Hostelry -56.6 -43.7
Rest of services -10.8 -9.1
Units: Balance of answers (difference between the percentages of positive and negative responses).
Source: Idescat and Chamber of Commerce of Barcelona.
- The first column of the balance in the "Business situation" is referred to the situation in the current quarter.
- The entry into force of Royal Decree 463/2020, of 14 March, whereby a state of alarm is declared for the management of the health crisis situation caused by Covid-19, and the subsequent amendments which have restricted non-essential activities, may hamper the comparison of business climate indicators of the reference period with the rest of the periods.

Last update: January 25, 2021. Next update: April 20, 2021 Calendari

Statistics CLEM

Methodological note

The Business Climate Survey is produced jointly by the Barcelona Chamber of Commerce, Industry and Shipping(Chamber of Barcelona) and Idescat by virtue of a collaboration agreementsigned in 2008. It integrates five surveys addressing different activity sectors: industry, construction, trade, hotels and othercompany services.

The Business Climate Survey collects the opinions of company representatives, with activities in Cataloniaregarding the evolution and expectations for the reference quarter for a set of variables relating to the economic development of their company

The main objective of the Business Climate Survey is to provide a rapid way of ascertaining the status and evolution ofcompanies operating in Catalonia and, on the basis of that information, anticipate possible changing trends in the economic cycle.

The population of reference is all companies in Catalonia that are involved in any of the activitiescovered by the study, regardless of where their main offices are based. The survey covers the whole of Catalonia.

The survey is quarterly. At the end of each quarter, information is requested in reference to theevolution of the business with respect to the immediately preceding quarter, and the entrepreneur’sexpectations for the following quarter.

The information is presented disaggregated by activity sectors. For industry, trade and other company services, the results are offered for 7, 6 and5 activity branches respectively.

The information contained in the Business Climate Survey also allows calculation of the harmonized business confidence index, an operation jointly carried out by the INE and Idescat by means of a partnership agreement. This agreement permits the use and integration of the complementary samples of the two operations and comparability with the indicators of the State and other autonomous communities.

Matching branches of the CCAE-2009
Code CCAE-2009
Food, beverages and tobacco10–12
Textiles, dressmaking, leatherwork and footwear13–15
Wood and cork, Paper, publishing and graphic arts16–18
Chemical industry, other non-metallic mineral products20–23
Metallurgy and metal products24, 25
Mechanical machinery and equipment, electric, electronic, computer and optic equipment26–28
Other industriesSection B, D i E and Divisions 19, 29 and 33
Retail trade
Food, beverages and tobacco in specialized establishments472
Household items and furniture in specialized establishments475–476
Trade in unspecialized establishments471
Other types of trade in specialized establishments473–474, 477–479
Vehicles and accessories45
Hotel sector
Hotel sector55–56
Company services
Informations and communicationsSection J
Legal, accounting and company management activities69–71
R&D, market research and specialist services72–75
Administrative activitiesSection N
Other servicesSections H, K, L, R (divisions 92 and 93) and S (div. 96)