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Material productivity (GDP/DMC)
Catalonia Spain Eurozone European Union
2015 4.96 2.98 .. 2.21 (e)
2014 4.96 2.95 .. 2.10 (e)
2013 5.20 2.88 .. 2.06 (e)
2012 4.42 2.74 .. 2.00 (e)
2011 3.67 2.18 .. 1.81 (e)
2010 2.99 1.93 .. 1.85 (e)
2009 2.59 1.72 .. 1.72 (e)
2008 2.38 1.50 (b) .. 1.60 (e)
2007 1.98 1.30 (e) .. 1.56 (e)
2006 1.91 1.24 (e) .. 1.52 (e)
2005 1.72 1.18 (e) .. 1.47 (e)
2004 1.59 1.13 (e) .. 1.42 (e)
2003 1.52 1.10 (e) .. 1.42 (e)
2002 1.71 1.12 (e) .. 1.39 (e)
2001 1.70 1.14 (e) .. 1.32 (e)
2000 1.66 1.11 (e) .. 1.28 (e)
Units: €/kg.
Source Catalonia: Idescat. Source Spain, eurozone and European Union: Eurostat.
Notes:
- Material productivity is defined as the GDP at market prices over the domestic material consumption (DMC).
- GDP in PPS.
(b) Time series break.
(e) Estimated value.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.

Date published: March 28, 2019.

Methodological note

The Material Flow Accounts provide an aggregate overview, in thousands of tonnes per year, of the material flows into and out of an economy. It includes all the materials (except for water and air) that go beyond the boundaries of the system between the environment and the economy.

Domestic material consumption (DMC): DMC indicates the total amount of material actually consumed domestically by resident units. DMC of a given country's national economy can be calculated as the sum of domestic extraction plus physical trade balance.

Material productivity: Indicator resulting from dividing the GDP between the domestic material consumption. This is a tool for evaluating the progress of the economy towards lesser dependence on material resources. High productivity reflects an economy with low resource use, based on knowledge, services and the efficiency of the resource uses. The results are expressed in €/kg.

The Material Flow Accounts are closely related to the concepts and definitions of the national accounts. Thus, with regard to the physical boundaries of the economic system, the definition of the reference system is based upon the residence criterion (for resident production and consumption units, with the centre of economic interest in Catalonia) and not upon the basis of the territory criterion, which records operations that take place within particular administrative boundaries.