Skip to main content

Methodology

    1. Concepts

    Foreign population
    This term refers to the nationality of the person. According to Law 8/2000 on Foreign Persons dated the 22nd of December 2000, a foreigner is anyone who is not a national and whose nationality follows that of their parents; that is, in Spain nationality is determined by blood right (jus sanguinis). In other countries, nationality is determined by birthright (jus soli), that is, one is considered a national of a given country for the mere fact of having been born in that country. This is the case of the United States.
    International migrant
    In accordance with the recommendations from the United Nations Statistics Division, an international migrant is a person who moves to live in another country other than their usual country of residence for at least one year. For this reason, not every foreign person is an immigrant.
    Place of residence
    This is the territorial area where the person usually resides. Temporary trips do not change the usual place of residence.
    Nationality
    Nationality refers to each person's legal citizenship. A citizen is a person who holds legal nationality in the country where they live, and a foreigner is a person who is not a national of that country. A person's country of nationality is not necessarily the same as their place of birth.
    Geographical origin
    In this information, the country of nationality is considered the country of origin.
    • Europe
      • European Union
        • Austria
        • Belgium
        • Bulgaria
        • Croatia
        • Cyprus
        • Czech Republic
        • Denmark
        • Estonia
        • Finland
        • France
        • Germany
        • Greece
        • Hungary
        • Ireland
        • Italy
        • Latvia
        • Lithuania
        • Luxembourg
        • Malta
        • Netherlands
        • Poland
        • Portugal
        • Romania
        • Slovakia
        • Slovenia
        • Sweden
        • United Kingdom
      • Central and eastern Europe
        • Albania
        • Armenia
        • Belarus
        • Bosnia and Herzegovina
        • Croatia
        • Georgia
        • Macedonia
        • Montenegro
        • Moldova
        • Rusia
        • Serbia
        • Ukraine
      • Rest of Europe
        • Andorra
        • Iceland
        • Liechtenstein
        • Monaco
        • Norway
        • San Marino
        • Switzerland
        • Vatican, the
      • Country unknown
        • Country unknown
    • Africa
      • Eastern Africa
        • Burundi
        • Comoros
        • Djibouti
        • Eritrea
        • Ethiopia
        • Kenya
        • Madagascar
        • Malawi
        • Mauritius
        • Mozambique
        • Tanzania
        • Rwanda
        • Seychelles
        • Somalia
        • Uganda
        • Zambia
        • Zimbabwe
      • Middle Africa
        • Angola
        • Cameroon
        • Central African Republic
        • Chad
        • Congo (Republic of the)
        • Democratic Republic of the Congo
        • Gabon
        • Guinea
        • Sâo Tomé and Príncipe
      • Northern Africa
        • Algeria
        • Egypt
        • Libya
        • Morocco
        • Sudan
        • Tunisia
      • Southern Africa
        • Botswana
        • Lesotho
        • Namibia
        • South Africa
        • Swaziland
      • Western Africa
        • Benin
        • Burkina Faso
        • Cape Verd
        • Côte d'Ivoire
        • Gambia, the
        • Ghana
        • Guinea
        • Guinea-Bissau
        • Liberia
        • Mali
        • Mauritania
        • Niger
        • Nigeria
        • Senegal
        • Sierra Leone
        • Togo
      • Country unknown
        • Country unknown
    • Asia
      • Central Asia
        • Kazakhstan
        • Kyrgyzstan
        • Tajikistan
        • Turkmenistan
        • Uzbekistan
      • Eastern Asia
        • China
        • Japan
        • Mongolia
        • Democratic People's Republic of Korea
        • Republic of Korea
        • Taiwan
      • Southern Asia
        • Afghanistan
        • Bangladesh
        • Bhutan
        • India
        • Iran (Islamic Republic of)
        • Maldives
        • Nepal
        • Pakistan
        • Sri Lanka
      • South-Eastern Asia
        • Brunei
        • Cambodia
        • Indonesia
        • Laos
        • Malaysia
        • Marshall Islands
        • Myanmar
        • Philippines
        • Singapore
        • Thailand
        • Vietnam
      • Middle East
        • Azerbaijan
        • Bahrain
        • Iraq
        • Israel
        • Jordan
        • Kuwait
        • Lebanon
        • Oman
        • Qatar
        • Saudi Arabia
        • Syria
        • United Arab Emirates
        • Yemen
      • Country unknown
        • Country unknown
    • America
      • Northern America
        • Canada
        • United States of America
      • Central America
        • Belize
        • Costa Rica
        • El Salvador
        • Guatemala
        • Honduras
        • Mexico
        • Nicaragua
        • Panama
      • Caribbean
        • Antigua and Barbuda
        • Bahamas
        • Barbados
        • Cuba
        • Dominica
        • Dominican Republic
        • Granada
        • Haiti
        • Jamaica
        • Saint Kitts i Nevis
        • Saint Lucia
        • Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
        • Trinidad and Tobago
      • South America
        • Argentina
        • Bolivia
        • Brazil
        • Chile
        • Colombia
        • Ecuador
        • Guyana
        • Paraguay
        • Peru
        • Suriname
        • Uruguay
        • Venezuela
      • Country unknown
        • Country unknown
    • Australia and New Zealand
      • Australia and New Zealand
        • Australia
        • New Zealand
    • Rest of Oceania
      • Cook Islands
      • Fiji
      • Kiribati
      • Micronesia
      • Nauru
      • Palau
      • Papua New Guinea
      • Samoa
      • Solomon Islands
      • Timor-Leste
      • Tonga
      • Tuvalu
      • Vanuatu
    • Country unknown
      • Country unknown
    • Stateless
      • Stateless
        • Stateless

    2. Statistical source

    The source of this information is the municipal population register of the 1st of January of each year. The municipal population register is an administrative record which each town hall is required to develop, maintain and manage. Their figures stand as proof of having one's residence and household in the municipality, which can be used as proof of residence for any administrative purpose.

    The municipal population register is a record of personal data regulated by the Law on Local Matters and by the Law on Data Protection. These data include: full name, sex, place and date of birth, nationality, national ID (DNI) or, for foreigners, the document that stands in for the DNI. Since 1996, the municipal population census is a record that is constantly updated from which official population figures are extracted: the ongoing municipal population census.