In 2016 the largest percentages of population which declared they had difficulty in reaching the end of the month were those in Les Terres de l’Ebre (74.5%), the Central Counties (73.6%), L’Alt Pirineu i Aran (72.6%) and El Camp de Tarragona (71.5%), according to the Survey on Living Conditions (territorial results). The other territorial areas lay below the Catalan average (63.3%). In the city of Barcelona the percentage of households which declared they had difficulty in reaching the end of the month stood at 58.2%.
The extension of the sample of the Survey on Living Conditions conducted by Idescat in Catalonia, in partnership with the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Families, has led to the production, for the very first time, of territorial results on the distribution of household income, living conditions and social exclusion, as well as the complementing of the data on Catalonia published by Idescat in May 2017. The main indicators for the territorial areas, the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona and the municipality of Barcelona are provided.
With regard to the average net income per person, the Metropolitan Area (with 13,446 euros per person) and El Penedès (with 12,444 euros) were the territorial areas with the highest values in 2016. The Metropolitan Area was the only one to record income above the Catalan average (12,660 euros, 6.2%). Within the Metropolitan Area, Barcelona recorded income totalling 15,685 euros per person.
The territorial areas with the highest percentages of households receiving social benefits were Ponent (75.1%) and Les Terres de l’Ebre (73.7%), while L’Alt Pirineu i Aran (55.7%), El Penedès (57.5%) and the Central Counties (57.9%) were the areas with the lowest percentages.
The monthly average expenditure of the main dwelling stood at 368 euros in Catalonia. The Metropolitan Area (392 euros) and El Penedès (354 euros) were the territorial areas with the highest monthly expenditure on the dwelling.
El Camp de Tarragona was the area with the highest percentage of population with deprivations (59.2%), well above the Catalan average (45.2%), making it the only area in which more than half the population had one or more material deprivations. Next came El Penedès (with 48.8% of the population with a deprivation) and Ponent (with 46.0%), while the other areas lay below the Catalan average.
The relative at risk of poverty indicator (which measures the proportion of people with low incomes in relation to the general population) stood at 17.2% in the whole of the Metropolitan Area, a figure which fell to 15.4% in the entire Metropolitan Area of Barcelona and 12.2% in the city of Barcelona. These rates are lower than the Catalan average, which stood at 19.2%.
In 2016, 22.5% of the Catalan population was at risk of poverty or social exclusion (AROPE rate). With regard to the territorial information, the AROPE rate stood at 21.1% in the Metropolitan Area, 19% in the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona and 16.9% in Barcelona.
The Survey on Living Conditions measures the occurrence and composition of poverty by means of establishing a poverty risk threshold. In addition, it provides information on personal income distribution based on annual net income. Furthermore, it provides data on housing deprivation, as well as housing conditions and a harmonised indicator of the risk of poverty or social exclusion. This is an annual statistic, aligned with the European context and jointly drawn up by Idescat and the INE (National Statistics Institute). Since 2016, Idescat, in partnership with the Ministry of Labour, Social Affairs and Families, has performed an extension of the sample, enabling it to obtain more reliable results for Catalonia and estimates of the main indicators for the territorial areas, the Metropolitan Area of Barcelona and the municipality of Barcelona.