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Foreign Investment. By activity branches and geographical areas

Foreign Investment. By activity branches and geographical areas Catalonia. 2018
Value Variation (%)
Total 2,985.6 -11.7
By activity branches
Agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing 20.7 ..
Extractive industries 0.1 ..
Manufacturing industries 1,184.5 2.1
Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning 2.7 -70.4
Water, sewers and waste management 0.0 -100.0
Construction 213.9 16.1
Wholesale and retail trade 346.3 -27.0
Transport and storage 32.9 -55.0
Hotel and food services 57.3 -70.5
Information and communications 458.7 159.0
Financial activities and insurance 32.9 -6.2
Real estate activities 291.5 -54.3
Professional, scientific and technical activities 197.8 119.4
Administrative activities and ancillary services 29.3 87.6
Education 0.1 -98.6
Health and social services 5.1 -84.7
Artistic, recreational and entertainment activities 36.0 -67.0
Other services 75.7 -53.7
By economic areas
OECD 2,777.8 -4.0
European Union (EU-28) 2,432.5 -2.6
North America 94.7 98.3
Latin America 114.9 -57.4
Rest of Americas 7.0 -60.5
Asia and Oceania 108.0 53.2
Africa 1.2 ..
Fiscal paradises 8.4 -65.3
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness.
Note: The sum of the geographical areas that are shown is not equal to the total investment, given that there are countries that appear in more than one area.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.
Foreign Investment. By activity branches and geographical areas Spain. 2018
Value Variation (%)
Total 46,827.6 71.2
By activity branches
Agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing 235.4 -25.6
Extractive industries 11.0 -97.2
Manufacturing industries 3,914.4 -6.8
Electricity, gas, steam and air-conditioning 3,942.5 61.6
Water, sewers and waste management 101.2 ..
Construction 6,274.8 181.5
Wholesale and retail trade 4,082.0 102.5
Transport and storage 14,760.7 382.7
Hotel and food services 537.7 46.6
Information and communications 4,225.7 107.4
Financial activities and insurance 2,497.7 -3.0
Real estate activities 3,103.8 -11.4
Professional, scientific and technical activities 1,123.3 -41.0
Administrative activities and ancillary services 650.7 21.8
Education 26.8 -34.4
Health and social services 331.4 -53.9
Artistic, recreational and entertainment activities 925.5 311.5
Other services 83.0 -49.5
By economic areas
OECD 43,263.7 73.2
European Union (EU-28) 41,434.5 88.3
North America 1,008.7 -52.3
Latin America 1,000.1 -7.7
Rest of Americas 82.8 71.5
Asia and Oceania 2,495.2 157.5
Africa 295.8 -3.6
Fiscal paradises 94.7 42.9
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness.
Note: The sum of the geographical areas that are shown is not equal to the total investment, given that there are countries that appear in more than one area.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.

Date published: March 21, 2019.

Quarterly data

Methodological note

The definition of direct foreign investment basically follows the recommendations of the International Monetary Fund (5th Balance of Payments Manual) and the OCDE (Benchmark Definition).

The data is based on that declared by investors pursuant to Act 19/2003, dated 4 July, on the legal system for capital movements and economic transactions abroad and measures to prevent money laundering, and the regulations that further implement it (Royal Decree 664/1999, Ministerial Order dated 28 May 2001 and Ministerial Ruling dated 21 February 2002). They do not include financing between companies, reinvested profits (save in the case of capitalisation of loans and/or profits) and investment in real estate.

Gross investment includes direct investment declared to the Foreign Investment Registry (FIR) of non-residents which entails:

  • holdings in unlisted Spanish companies
  • holdings of more than 10% in listed Spanish companies
  • setting up or expansion of branches of foreign companies
  • other forms of investment in organisations or contracts registered in Spain (foundations, cooperatives, economic interest groupings), in which invested capital is greater than EUR 3,005,060.52

Excluded from the data are foreign share holding companies (ETVEs). ETVEs are holding companies set up in Spain whose sole purpose is to hold shares in companies located abroad.

Data by geographical areas refer to the immediate country of origin of the investment. Immediate country means the place where the direct holder of the investment is resident.

Foreign investment is obtained from official data published by the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness from the Statistics on Foreign Investment in Spain and Spanish Investment Abroad. The data are provisional, given that in the corresponding quarterly updates, information referring to previous periods is modified as a result of operations which were declared in the last period but carried out prior to this.

For each new period published, Idescat updates and reviews the information published by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for the last 10 years.

Data are provisional.