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Foreign investment. By branches of activity NACE Catalonia
Total Agriculture, livestock, forestry and fishing Mining industries Manufacturing industries Electric, gas and steam energy and air conditioning Water, sanitation and waste management Construction Wholesale and retail trade Transport and storage Accommodation Computing and communications Financial and insurance services Property activities Professional, scientific and technical services Administrative activities and auxiliary services Education Health and social services activities Artistic, leisure and entertainment activities Other services
2021 2,968.8 7.2 0.0 804.1 19.2 97.3 418.9 406.3 179.6 36.8 589.6 30.7 148.8 78.6 42.5 1.5 31.0 16.5 0.2
2020 3,119.4 41.9 0.0 881.2 3.4 0.3 64.3 694.3 34.9 132.0 556.5 314.2 206.2 100.8 74.0 7.0 0.1 4.6 1.9
2019 3,838.9 10.6 0.1 1,185.6 2.7 658.5 224.6 543.7 61.1 43.5 157.9 128.2 480.4 191.8 65.7 4.0 0.2 79.3 1.1
2018 4,420.4 20.7 0.1 2,273.6 2.7 0.0 253.2 466.4 40.9 57.6 456.8 18.6 448.2 232.0 28.0 0.1 5.1 40.6 75.7
2017 3,432.3 0.2 0.0 1,169.8 28.3 14.8 172.9 480.7 73.2 203.3 179.4 40.4 643.7 94.1 15.7 10.3 33.3 108.9 163.5
2016 8,272.3 39.6 0.2 776.8 3,829.4 741.8 843.7 602.7 33.8 143.5 262.2 210.1 406.7 135.6 17.3 9.7 100.7 98.4 19.8
2015 5,495.0 8.3 1.6 1,409.3 496.2 2.6 715.0 1,427.6 239.7 192.3 216.9 85.0 415.9 61.0 16.4 5.6 114.1 86.9 0.5
2014 3,064.6 7.9 200.2 233.5 0.3 419.4 644.0 610.0 70.3 87.6 173.5 46.7 153.8 96.3 14.8 1.7 50.7 2.3 251.5
2013 3,661.8 4.5 1.6 1,396.8 0.0 5.0 184.1 295.7 224.2 60.0 578.2 253.4 227.9 236.3 149.4 0.1 34.0 10.4 0.2
2012 2,741.6 3.4 2.3 1,212.9 35.9 60.7 134.8 342.4 6.6 33.2 109.3 115.2 162.3 364.2 13.2 0.1 18.9 123.1 3.2
2011 3,132.1 22.1 57.5 1,159.2 67.5 16.1 189.9 445.5 41.0 95.1 27.4 486.9 145.7 262.4 48.9 0.2 55.5 5.1 6.3
2010 4,890.5 35.4 50.0 1,232.6 253.9 1.0 80.6 276.4 1,786.6 13.8 60.2 23.4 977.1 33.3 36.5 2.5 5.3 21.2 0.6
2009 1,578.5 6.3 0.1 322.8 8.8 6.1 109.8 432.5 125.5 62.4 53.5 46.5 173.0 39.9 22.5 12.4 56.1 97.6 2.7
2008 2,992.6 7.6 16.7 432.3 147.8 427.7 156.5 898.8 65.8 78.3 103.5 384.2 91.5 84.4 22.8 0.1 59.1 1.6 13.9
2007 2,641.6 18.8 0.0 1,261.6 13.8 0.1 133.8 219.9 33.3 69.4 136.2 97.6 203.4 328.8 58.7 0.0 20.8 5.4 39.9
2006 2,669.5 1.4 0.0 606.4 57.8 0.4 123.3 286.9 291.3 257.3 155.3 364.2 108.4 40.0 218.2 0.1 150.2 5.4 2.8
2005 2,258.9 17.4 70.0 1,157.2 20.9 0.1 70.7 186.0 45.2 76.5 33.2 305.8 171.8 46.3 18.1 0.2 2.0 37.2 0.4
2004 1,597.6 5.2 22.6 666.5 0.2 0.0 77.5 229.5 29.8 70.3 105.5 112.7 151.7 49.6 32.4 0.2 2.0 40.6 1.4
2003 1,320.9 5.4 44.0 463.9 17.6 0.0 69.2 298.1 12.0 52.0 20.7 58.1 130.6 42.0 37.0 0.1 1.2 68.4 0.5
2002 2,142.8 4.0 0.0 460.8 105.5 1.8 95.4 159.7 15.0 73.2 259.6 314.7 566.2 41.0 21.1 8.5 0.6 15.4 0.2
2001 3,324.6 6.3 0.0 1,156.3 412.1 20.0 109.1 303.1 29.8 386.7 409.9 113.3 140.0 133.3 43.0 1.5 0.3 58.4 1.6
2000 2,678.1 33.0 8.4 875.2 7.2 0.1 44.2 419.0 59.4 27.8 244.7 620.0 136.5 31.1 125.8 0.3 0.4 42.7 2.3
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism.
Note: Gross effective investment. Provisional data.

Last update: March 24, 2022.

Methodological note

Definition of concepts

Foreign investment
Investment made by physical people that are not resident in Spain or legal bodies domiciled abroad, registered with the Ministry for the Economy. The investment originates from holdings in Spanish companies, opening or expansion of a branch office network, subscription to and the acquisition of tradable securities in representation of loans issued by residents, participation in investment funds and the acquisition of real estate in Spain valued at more than three million euros. The gross effective investment is considered, i.e. the investment recorded after discounting the acquisitions of shares and holdings by Spanish companies or other non resident ones and the multiple accounts of the same investment, as a consequence of the restructuring of business groups in Spain.

Methodological aspects

The definition of direct foreign investment basically follows the recommendations of the International Monetary Fund (5th Balance of Payments Manual) and the OECD (Benchmark Definition).

The data is based on that declared by investors pursuant to Act 19/2003, dated 4 July, on the legal system for capital movements and economic transactions abroad and measures to prevent money laundering, and the regulations that further implement it (Royal Decree 664/1999, Ministerial Order dated 28 May 2001 and Ministerial Ruling dated 21 February 2002). They do not include financing between companies, reinvested profits (save in the case of capitalisation of loans and/or profits) and investment in real estate.

Gross investment includes direct investment declared to the Foreign Investment Registry (FIR) of non-residents which entails:

  • holdings in unlisted Spanish companies
  • holdings of more than 10% in listed Spanish companies
  • setting up or expansion of branches of foreign companies
  • other forms of investment in organisations or contracts registered in Spain (foundations, cooperatives, economic interest groupings), in which invested capital is greater than 3.005.060,52 euros

Excluded from the data are foreign share holding companies (ETVEs). ETVEs are holding companies set up in Spain whose sole purpose is to hold shares in companies located abroad.

The information is presented broken down by economic branches according to the destination of the investment, in accordance with the sections of the new Catalan Classification of Economic Activities 2009 (CCAE-2009).

Data by economic area refer to the immediate country of origin of the investment. Immediate country means the place where the direct holder of the investment is resident.

The data are provisional.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".