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Personnel on R&D. By sex and occupation

Personnel on internal R&D in full-time equivalent (FTE). By sex and occupation Catalonia. 2021
Value Variation (%)
Total 55,885.0 10.1
Men 32,763.6 9.5
Women 23,121.4 10.8
Researchers 31,579.2 4.7
Men 19,389.4 5.0
Women 12,189.8 4.2
Technicians 18,317.6 17.9
Men 11,056.6 17.7
Women 7,261.0 18.2
Other supporting staff 5,988.1 17.8
Men 2,317.6 12.9
Women 3,670.5 21.1
Units: Persons in full-time equivalent.
Source: Idescat, based on data from the INE's Statistics on R&D activities.
Note: Personnel in FTE on internal R&D conducted in Catalonia by the units that have R&D activity, regardless of where their head office is located.
Personnel on internal R&D in full-time equivalent (FTE). By sex and occupation Spain. 2021
Value Variation (%)
Total 249,647.8 7.7
Men 148,617.0 8.2
Women 101,030.8 7.0
Researchers 154,146.8 6.0
Men 92,872.6 6.3
Women 61,274.2 5.6
Technicians 70,552.1 13.4
Men 43,438.2 14.8
Women 27,113.9 11.3
Other supporting staff 24,949.0 3.1
Men 12,306.3 1.1
Women 12,642.7 5.2
Units: Persons in full-time equivalent.
Source: INE. Research and Development Activities Statistics.

Last update: March 27, 2023.


These statistics have a specific section with all the information available: Statistics on R&D Activities (RD).

Methodological note

Data on the effort in Catalonia in research and technological development (R&D) come from the Statistics on activities in research and experimental development carried out by the INE annually. In order to facilitate comparability with other countries of the European Union, the methodology used in these statistics follows the guidelines of the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), as set out in the Frascati Manual.

Scientific research and technological development include the set of creative and original works that are undertaken systematically and/or sporadically in order to increase the volume of knowledge, including knowledge of mankind, culture and society, as well as the use of this knowledge to conceive new applications.

The Statistic on activities in research and experimental development (R&D) is a census-based statistic in the sectors of Public Administration, higher education and private non-profit institutions, and a sample statistic in the companies sector.

In order to calculate the effort in R&D activities in Catalonia, the spending on R&D activities made within the surveyed unit (internal expenditure) and the personnel employed for this purpose in full-time equivalent employment (FTE) are measured. This information is provided by fields of operation.

Spending is presented in current euros and in percentage of GDP. For Catalonia we use GDP from Annual Economic Accounts for Catalonia.

The calculation of equivalent full-time personnel takes into account the personnel who work full time in R&D activities and the sum of fractions of time dedicated to R&D activities by part-time personnel. The information is provided by sex and is disaggregated into three professional categories: research, technical and other supporting staff personnel.