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Foreign Investment. By geographical areas

Foreign Investment. By geographical areas Catalonia. 1st quarter 2020
Year-over-year variation
Value absolute % quarter % accumulated
Total 668.0 -71.2 -9.6 -9.6
OECD 612.9 -72.4 -10.6 -10.6
European Union 265.0 (b) z z z
North America 7.3 -3.7 -33.5 -33.5
Latin America 10.3 6.5 166.9 166.9
Rest of Americas 0.0 -0.5 .. ..
Asia and Oceania 361.0 265.0 .. ..
Africa 0.5 -6.0 .. ..
Fiscal paradises 3.4 -3.3 .. ..
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism.
Notes:
- The total is not equal to the sum of the areas shown as some countries are in more than one area.
- Until the fourth quarter of 2019, the European Union includes EU-28 countries; from the first quarter of 2020, EU-27 countries (without the United Kingdom).
(b) Break in time series.
(z) Category not applicable.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.
Foreign Investment. By geographical areas Spain. 1st quarter 2020
Year-over-year variation
Value absolute % quarter % accumulated
Total 2,646.1 -4,740.1 -64.2 -64.2
OECD 2,449.1 -4,666.0 -65.6 -65.6
European Union 1,371.3 (b) z z z
North America 72.0 -26.4 -26.8 -26.8
Latin America 63.6 -290.0 -82.0 -82.0
Rest of Americas 12.7 6.7 .. ..
Asia and Oceania 617.2 460.5 .. ..
Africa 2.0 -6.3 .. ..
Fiscal paradises 16.2 -3.0 -15.7 -15.7
Units: Millions of euros.
Source: Ministry of Industry, Trade and Tourism.
Notes:
- The total is not equal to the sum of the areas shown as some countries are in more than one area.
- Until the fourth quarter of 2019, the European Union includes EU-28 countries; from the first quarter of 2020, EU-27 countries (without the United Kingdom).
(b) Break in time series.
(z) Category not applicable.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.

Last update: June 22, 2020. Next update: September 21, 2020

Annual data

Methodological note

The definition of direct foreign investment basically follows the recommendations of the International Monetary Fund (5th Balance of Payments Manual) and the OCDE (Benchmark Definition).

The data is based on that declared by investors pursuant to Act 19/2003, dated 4 July, on the legal system for capital movements and economic transactions abroad and measures to prevent money laundering, and the regulations that further implement it (Royal Decree 664/1999, Ministerial Order dated 28 May 2001 and Ministerial Ruling dated 21 February 2002). They do not include financing between companies, reinvested profits (save in the case of capitalisation of loans and/or profits) and investment in real estate.

Gross investment includes direct investment declared to the Foreign Investment Registry (FIR) of non-residents which entails:

  • holdings in unlisted Spanish companies
  • holdings of more than 10% in listed Spanish companies
  • setting up or expansion of branches of foreign companies
  • other forms of investment in organisations or contracts registered in Spain (foundations, cooperatives, economic interest groupings), in which invested capital is greater than EUR 3,005,060.52

Excluded from the data are foreign share holding companies (ETVEs). ETVEs are holding companies set up in Spain whose sole purpose is to hold shares in companies located abroad.

Data by geographical areas refer to the immediate country of origin of the investment. Immediate country means the place where the direct holder of the investment is resident.

Foreign investment is obtained from official data published by the Ministry of Economy, Industry and Competitiveness from the Statistics on Foreign Investment in Spain and Spanish Investment Abroad. The data are provisional, given that in the corresponding quarterly updates, information referring to previous periods is modified as a result of operations which were declared in the last period but carried out prior to this.

For each new period published, Idescat updates and reviews the information published by the Ministry of Economy and Competitiveness for the last 10 years.

A partir del 27 de novembre de 2014, els indicadors d'inversió estrangera i d'inversió a l'estranger s'adapten per poder oferir la informació per trimestres.

Data are provisional.