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Pay gap between men and women
Catalonia Spain European Union-27
2019 12.1 9.4 14.1
2018 13.3 11.9 14.4
2017 14.3 13.5 14.6
2016 14.9 14.8 15.1
2015 13.9 14.1 15.5
2014 16.5 14.9 15.7
2013 19.9 17.8 16.0
2012 20.2 18.7 16.4
2011 19.8 17.6 16.2
2010 18.4 16.2 15.8
2009 18.5 16.7 .. Confidential data, low reliability or not available
2008 19.8 16.1 .. Confidential data, low reliability or not available
2007 17.1 18.1 .. Confidential data, low reliability or not available
2006 17.9 17.9 .. Confidential data, low reliability or not available
Units: Percentage.
Source Catalonia: Idescat, based on the INE's Wage Structure Survey. Source Spain and European Union: Eurostat.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.
Indicador ODS Indicator 05.20 from the EU Sustainable Development Goals

Last update: January 21, 2022. Revised series on February 22, 2022.

Methodological note

The indicator measures the difference between average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees and of female paid employees as a percentage of average gross hourly earnings of male paid employees. The indicator has been defined as unadjusted, because it gives an overall picture of gender inequalities in terms of pay and measures a concept which is broader than the concept of equal pay for equal work. All employees working in firms with ten or more employees, without restrictions for age and hours worked, are included.

The sectors covered are all enterprises forming part of the industry, construction and service sectors.

The concept of wage-earning includes payments for extra hours but not extra payments.