Government debt relative to GDP

Government debt relative to GDP
Catalonia Spain Eurozone European Union
2017 34.8 98.3 86.7 81.6
2016 35.1 99.0 89.0 83.3
2015 35.4 99.4 89.9 84.5
2014 32.8 100.4 91.9 86.5
2013 30.1 95.5 91.6 85.8
2012 26.8 85.7 89.7 83.9
2011 22.0 69.5 86.6 81.5
2010 17.5 60.1 84.6 78.9
2009 12.7 52.8 79.2 73.4
2008 10.0 39.5 68.7 60.8
2007 7.8 35.6 65.0 57.5
2006 7.8 38.9 67.4 60.1
2005 8.3 42.3 69.2 61.5
2004 7.5 45.3 68.5 60.9
2003 7.2 47.6 68.2 60.4
2002 7.7 51.3 67.0 58.8
2001 8.1 54.2 67.1 59.3
2000 8.3 58.0 68.1 60.1
Units: % of the GDP.
Source Catalonia: Departament of the Vice-presidency and of the Economy and Finance. Source Spain, eurozone and European Union: Eurostat.
Note: In the case of Catalonia, the data refer to the consolidated public sector of the autonomous administration.

Date published: May 11, 2018.

Methodological note

This indicator shows the general government consolidated gross debt as a percentage of GDP.

The general government sector comprises the subsectors of central government, state government, regional government and social security funds. The GDP used as a denominator is the gross domestic product at current market prices. Debt is valued at nominal (face) value, and foreign currency debt is converted into national currency using end-year exchange rates (though special rules apply to contracts). The national data for the general government sector are consolidated between the sub-sectors.

The national figures for the general government sector are consolidated between subsectors. The basic data are expressed in the national currency converted into the euro using the end-year exchange rate for the euro provided by the European Central Bank.

General government debt is defined as consolidated gross debt at end-year nominal value.

General government debt is broken down (as defined in ESA 2010) into currency and deposits (AF.2), securities other than shares (AF.3), and loans (AF.4).

From September 2014 onwards, the European Union is enforcing a new European system of accounts (ESA 2010), which details the methodology to be used in compiling estimates of the national accounts of all European Union member states.

Available tables [+]

See also

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