|Units: Thousands of toe.|
|Source Catalonia: Catalan Energy Institute. Source Spain, eurozone and European Union: Eurostat.|
|(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.|
Last update: December 5, 2019.
Primary production of energy is any extraction of energy products in a useable form from natural sources. This occurs either when natural sources are exploited (for example, in coal mines, crude oil fields, hydro power plants) or in the fabrication of biofuels.
Transforming energy from one form into another, such as electricity or heat generation in thermal power plants (where primary energy sources are burned), or coke production in coke ovens, is not primary production.
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