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Companies and establishments on 1 January. By activity sectors and number of wage earners

Companies and establishments on 1 January. By activity sectors and number of wage earners Catalonia. 2022
Industry Construction Services Total
Companies with establishments in Catalonia 35,688 76,493 529,502 641,683
Without wage earners 11,873 45,871 312,987 370,731
From 1 to 9 wage earners 16,757 27,350 193,588 237,695
From 10 to 49 wage earners 5,206 2,923 16,995 25,124
From 50 to 249 wage earners 1,344 288 4,198 5,830
250 or more employees 508 61 1,734 2,303
Establishments 42,193 85,657 602,496 730,346
Without wage earners 15,513 53,461 356,655 425,629
From 1 to 9 wage earners 19,301 29,016 216,172 264,489
From 10 to 49 wage earners 5,872 2,945 24,162 32,979
From 50 to 249 wage earners 1,306 215 4,761 6,282
250 or more employees 201 20 746 967
Source: Idescat, based on the INE's Central companies directory (DIRCE).
Note: From the reference date of 1 January 2019, the concept of a company changed from the legal unit to the statistical unit. Consequently, that year's results are not strictly comparable with those of previous years.

Methodological note

Definition of concepts

The smallest combination of legal units constituting an organisational unit for the production of goods or services, one having certain autonomy in terms of decision-making, principally for allocating the resources it has at its disposal.
Company (or part of a company) located in a specific geographical location at which economic activities are conducted on behalf of the company.

Methodological aspects

Information is offered on the Statistics on companies and establishments that Idescat produceson the basis of the Central Companies Directory (DIRCE) published by the INE. This operation presents the number of companies and establishments with activity in Catalonia in accordance with different criteria: by activity sectors, by legal status and by number of wage-earners. The DIRCE covers all economic activities except agricultural production and fishing, central, regional and local Administration's administrative services (including social services), the activities of property owner groups and domestic services.

It should be considered that in these statistics, when classifying companies by activity sector and number of wage-earners, reference is made to the sector and wage-earners in the company as a whole (if the company has wage-earners outside of Catalonia, they are also included).

Until the 2018 reference year, the concept of the company was coterminous with the legal unit, but it changed from 2019 on. The new statistical concept of the company has to do with the company's organisational structure, autonomy of decision and market orientation. To sum up, the economic factors of units are prioritised over a traditional vision, which is more orientated at legal aspects. The legal units that do not form part of groups of companies continue to be considered companies in their own right.

Unavailable information is represented using the symbol ":". When the value is lower than that of the minimum unit to be able to estimate the statistical operation or if it effects statistical confidentiality, the symbol used is "..".