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Gross annual wage and earnings per hour. By sex and type of occupation

Gross annual wage and earnings per hour. By sex and type of occupation (CCO-2011) Catalonia. 2019
Value Variation (%)
Men Women Total Men Women Total
Gross annual wage average 28,965.38 22,988.22 25,968.20 1.1 3.1 1.6
Legislators, senior officials and managers 64,416.41 47,737.22 (*) 57,722.58 12.2 -4.8 5.5
Scientific specialists and professionals, intellectuals 39,748.50 33,145.58 35,782.56 4.3 3.0 3.1
Technicians and associate professionals 34,500.22 26,934.77 30,931.47 3.1 1.6 1.9
Clerks 25,819.92 21,388.00 22,748.75 -1.0 -1.6 -1.5
Service workers and shop and market sales workers 23,256.62 16,225.06 18,865.80 2.1 7.5 4.5
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers .. .. .. .. .. ..
Craft and related trades workers 25,386.00 18,307.18 24,170.64 -3.5 -2.5 -4.4
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 25,460.37 21,085.22 24,717.93 -5.3 -3.6 -5.4
Elementary occupations 19,428.49 13,349.15 16,569.37 2.9 3.6 2.6
Average earnings per hour 17.99 15.63 16.86 0.8 4.2 2.1
Legislators, senior officials and managers 38.80 28.51 (*) 34.65 12.0 -4.9 5.3
Scientific specialists and professionals, intellectuals 25.90 22.98 24.19 1.9 6.7 4.3
Technicians and associate professionals 21.10 17.32 19.36 3.2 1.9 2.2
Clerks 15.88 13.74 14.41 -1.2 -0.6 -0.9
Service workers and shop and market sales workers 15.55 11.34 12.97 3.9 6.8 4.9
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers .. .. .. .. .. ..
Craft and related trades workers 14.95 11.50 14.39 -3.0 1.5 -3.2
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 15.76 13.33 15.36 -2.4 0.9 -2.2
Elementary occupations 11.72 10.33 11.15 -2.6 2.8 -0.7
Units: Euros.
Source: Idescat, based on Wage Structure Survey data.
Note: While the results of the Wage Structure Survey 2018 are provisional data on earnings per hour of work are not directly comparable to those of previous years.
(*) Estimate with high variability.
(..) Confidential data, low reliability or not available.
Gross annual wage and earnings per hour. By sex and type of occupation (CCO-2011) Spain. 2019
Value Variation (%)
Men Women Total Men Women Total
Gross annual wage average 26,934.38 21,682.02 24,395.98 0.7 3.2 1.6
Legislators, senior officials and managers 60,780.76 48,667.65 56,634.74 3.3 4.3 4.2
Scientific specialists and professionals, intellectuals 38,474.25 32,864.37 35,203.50 1.2 2.7 2.0
Technicians and associate professionals 31,816.30 25,950.74 29,247.01 -0.5 1.3 0.0
Clerks 24,657.60 19,989.39 21,578.89 -2.0 -0.2 -0.7
Service workers and shop and market sales workers 21,151.99 15,451.71 17,571.63 1.4 5.9 3.1
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers 22,112.47 16,531.69 (*) 21,232.11 11.1 0.0 7.8
Craft and related trades workers 23,305.85 17,548.66 22,463.86 0.1 0.5 -0.7
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 23,475.08 19,334.38 22,947.77 -0.4 -1.9 -1.0
Elementary occupations 18,412.05 13,127.63 15,725.87 1.3 6.5 3.7
Average earnings per hour 16.63 14.92 15.85 0.7 3.9 2.0
Legislators, senior officials and managers 36.46 29.51 34.10 3.3 4.8 4.4
Scientific specialists and professionals, intellectuals 24.90 22.26 23.39 -0.1 3.8 2.1
Technicians and associate professionals 19.41 16.72 18.27 -0.3 1.2 0.1
Clerks 15.08 13.05 13.77 -1.8 1.3 0.3
Service workers and shop and market sales workers 13.60 10.98 12.01 1.7 6.4 3.6
Skilled agricultural and fishery workers 13.66 10.51 (*) 13.18 9.7 0.0 7.4
Craft and related trades workers 13.72 11.15 13.37 0.2 3.3 0.0
Plant and machine operators and assemblers 14.32 12.43 14.09 0.7 2.6 0.5
Elementary occupations 11.45 10.38 10.97 0.4 6.5 3.0
Units: Euros.
Source: Idescat, based on Wage Structure Survey data.
Note: While the results of the Wage Structure Survey 2018 are provisional data on earnings per hour of work are not directly comparable to those of previous years.
(*) Estimate with high variability.

Methodological note

The Annual Wage Structure Survey (EAES) in an operation performed annually by the National Statistical Institute (INE) and is the result of the combination of different statistical and administrative sources, the purpose of which is to obtain comparable results regarding the structure and distribution of wages in the years that the Wage Structure Survey (EES) (every four years) is not conducted. Therefore, the results issued for 2006, 2010, 2014 and 2018 come from the Wage Structure Survey, while the results of the rest of the years come from the Annual Wage Structure Survey.

The main objective of both operations is to determine the gross annual earnings per worker, classified by different sociodemographic variables as sex, age and nationality, as well as other variables related to occupational characteristics as type of working day, contract, the activity sector and the type of occupation carried out by workers.

The population scope of the EAES constitutes all workers who are employed by others and provide services to their respective enterprises, regardless of the number of workers in each unit. Excluded are company presidents, members of the board and in general any personnel who are not paid in some form of regular salary but by commissions or profits. The population scope of the Wage Structure Survey coincides with the Annual Wage Structure Survey from 2006.

As far as what sectors are concerned, they may be from industry, construction and services. Until 2007 activities related to public administration, defence and compulsory social security, domestic personnel and extraterritorial organisation and bodies were excluded. Therefore, it includes those centres with economic activities comprised from C to K and M to O in the Catalan Classification of Economic Activities, CCAE-93 Rev1. From 2008 onwards, the new Catalan Classification of Economic Activities 2009 was implemented, which included workers belonging to the General Social Security Plan under in section O: public administration, defence and compulsory social security. For this reason, the 2008 results are not comparable with previous years.

The EAES is a statistical operation that is obtained through the combined processing of the Social Security General Affiliation File and Form 190 statements: the annual summary of withholdings and advance payments on personal income taxes by the State Tax Administration Agency (AEAT), along with such variable as occupation and workday, which are provided by the survey attached to the Quarterly Labour Cost Survey.

All wage concepts are collected in gross values, in other words, before any withholdings were made, such as income taxes or Social Security contributions.

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