Gross domestic expenditure on R&D relative to the GDP

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D relative to the GDP
Catalonia Spain Eurozone European Union
2015 1.52 1.22 2.13 2.03
2014 1.49 1.24 2.13 2.03
2013 1.53 1.27 2.10 2.02
2012 1.53 1.29 2.10 2.01
2011 1.55 1.33 2.04 1.97
2010 1.59 1.35 1.99 1.93
2009 1.63 1.35 1.99 1.93
2008 1.57 1.32 1.89 1.84
2007 1.43 1.23 1.81 1.77
2006 1.38 1.17 1.80 1.76
2005 1.32 1.10 1.78 1.74
2004 1.29 1.04 1.78 1.75
2003 1.24 1.02 1.80 1.78
2002 1.15 0.96 1.81 (e) 1.79 (e)
2001 : 0.89 1.79 (e) 1.78 (e)
2000 : 0.89 1.78 (e) 1.77 (e)
Units: % of the GDP (base 2010).
Source Catalonia: Idescat. Source Spain, eurozone and European Union: Eurostat.
Notes:
- Target EU-28 (3%); target Spain (2%)
- The data for the last four years are provisional.
(e) Estimated value
: Not available

Date published: July 26, 2017. Revised series on December 13, 2017.

Methodological note

The indicator provided is GERD (Gross domestic expenditure on R&D) as a percentage of GDP.

"Research and experimental development (R&D) comprise creative work undertaken on a systematic basis in order to increase the stock of knowledge, including knowledge of man, culture and society and the use of this stock of knowledge to devise new applications" (Frascati Manual, 2002 edition, § 63 ).

Gross domestic expenditure on R&D (GERD) is consequently composed of: Business enterprise expenditure on R&D (BERD), Higher Education expenditure on R&D (HERD), Government expenditure on R&D (GOVERD) and Private Non-profit expenditure on R&D (PNPRD).

Available tables [+]

See also

The indicator section on Idescat's website was revamped on 24 April 2018. It will undergo a trial phase until 31 May 2018. We apologize for any inconvenience this revamp may cause.

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